G. Gomphrena celosioides (family ... Glibenclamide (4mg/kg) was used as the positive control. Gomphrena celosioides has frequently been suspected as the CHI IS^ of the condition. and stored in samples bottles in the refrigerator prior the assay. As a result, fraudulent pesticides (unregistered and counterfeit) have become widely available. Isolation and Structural Determination. Share. Fractionation of the methanol extract produced 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl) methylpropenoate with mild antimicrobial activity against the test microorganisms. content is based on general market and product knowledge and is to Gomphrena globosa, Gomphrena Haageana, Gomphrena Celosioides and Gomphrena Decumbens are four most popular varieties of gomphrena. (Amaranthaceae), 4: 1] 1. 1 Laboratory of Biochemical Pharmacodynamics, UFR Biosciences, FELIX Houphouet Boigny University, … The bioactivities of the extracts of this plant were tested against organisms. It can be used alone or in combination with other plants for the treat-ment of human and animal diseases. E-mail: adeolaogunnusi@yahoo.co.uk. Contact PIER! Control group received vehicle controls normal saline 0,9 %. (Bayer, 1982) Gomphrena decumbens auct afr. In addition, under the optimal conditions, the results pointed out that the experimental values agreed with those predicted. This study assessed the antiarthritic and antihyperalgesic activities of the ethanolic extract obtained from G. Prostrate or erect herb to about 25 cm tall. Purchase of 100 glyphosate samples from 50 different retailers across Mali found that 45% were fraudulent. Gomphrena celosioides Mart. 3. Ethnopharmacological relevance: Most of these species are known to contain highly active irritants. CLAUDIO GERMANO ; LUCIANA ANTUNES MARQUES ; LUIS FERNANDO BENITEZ MACORINI ; MAICON MATOS LEITÃO ; MARCOS JOSÉ SALVADOR ; CÂNDIDA APARECIDA LEITE … that fraudulent glyphosate products contained 8-10% less active ingredient than registered products. is well known for its medicinal values worldwide. A 7-day model with daily administration and urine measurement was also carried out. Crude proteins were obtained by ammonium sulphate precipitation. Feeding tests have proved that the plaiit is toxic for horses; it causes ataxia frequently ending in death. 2. To evaluate participation of the nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin and bradykinin pathways in its effect, respective inhibitors were also administered together with effectives doses of EEGC and compared with control groups. The ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of the plant displayed inhibition activities on Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi. Distributed within QLD and NSW. ), medicinal and aromatic plants (Bajaj et al. Trees of Nigeria. Structures of aurantiamide and aurantiamide acetate, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Omotayo Dosumu, Bioactivity of crude extracts of Euphorbia kamerunica Pax using brine shrimp (Artemia salina) lethality, Bioactivity of crude extracts of Euphorbia kamerunica Pax using brine shrimp (Artemia salina) lethality assay.pdf, Isolation of Aurantiamides from Gomphrena Celosioides C. Mart, All content in this area was uploaded by Omotayo Dosumu on Jun 20, 2016, Isolation of Aurantiamides from Gomphrena Celosio, Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. (evergreen) and Anogeissus leiocarpus (DC.) Keywords: Gomphrena celosioides, Momordica charantia, anti-inflammatory, analgesic property INTRODUCTION Gomphrena celosioides Mart (Amaranthaceae) is an annual herb with popular usage in tra-ditional medicine. indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever, whether 2(12), pp. It is an herbaceous perennial plant and belongs to the family of Amaranthaceae. A total of 100g powdered sample of the whole plant part of G. celosioides were separately macerated in distilled water for 24hrs and 70% methanol for 3 days, respectively, to obtain aqueous … hour to 74.28 and 60.87% at 4 hours, respectively. Blood glucose was evaluated with a glucometer at 0, 1, 2 and 4 hours, after Control options: Pesticides: See available tabs below for registered products. Methanol extract was active against Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger and Trichophyton species with diameter zones of inhibition between 14 and 20 mm. The input of hedgerow root biomass into the soil was limited by the low root mass ofGliricidia as compared to other tree species, and by the decrease of live root mass of hedgerows and associated perennial weeds during the cropping season, presumably as a result of frequent shoot pruning. However, species-specific relationships between climate and tree-ring stable isotopes have not yet been studied in riparian forests in the savannas of West Africa. Considering that all diuretic drugs are currently available for the treatment of volume and electrolyte disturbances, especially hypertensive status, the present results may have clinical relevance and open new possibilities for the development of new natural diuretics from G. celosioides. Home BIOLOGY PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECTS OF GOMPHRENA AND VERNONIA EXTRACTS AGAINST STAPHYLOCOCCUS SPECIES AND CANDIDA SPECIES FROM WOMEN WITH VULVOVAGINITIS IN ZARIA, NIGERIA. Bamba Abou 1*, F. Yapi Houphouet 1, Bahi Gnogbo Alexis 2, Djyh Bernard Nazaire 1, Djoupoh Agnon Prisca 1 and Gnahoue Goueh 1. (131 taxa) represent approximately 6% of the total flora of the region (ca. Above-ground biomass production was 11.1 Mg ha–1 in sole cropping and 13.6 Mg ha–1 in alley cropping, of which 4.3 Mg ha–1 were hedgerow prunings. APNI* . Ecotoxicol. acetone. But the active components are not yet using response surface methodology, OPTIMIZATION OF ULTRASOUND-ASSISTED EXTRACTION OF TRITERPENOID SAPONINS CONTENT FROM DRIED Gomphrena celosioides USING RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY, Noxious to ecosystems, but relevant to pharmacology: Four South African alien invasive plants with pharmacological potential, ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF QUERCETIN FROM AMARANTHACEAE FAMILY PLANTS, Mechanisms Underlying the Diuretic Effect of Gomphrena celosioides Mart. Control: If you know of control methods for Gomphrena celosioides, please let us know. Gomphrena weed (Gomphrena celosioides) and small matweed (Guilleminea densa) may be distinguished by their lack of prickles, and gomphrena weed (Gomphrena celosioides) also by its larger whitish flower clusters that are borne at the tips of its branches. & Perr. A further objective was to investigate the safety of these plants by conducting cytotoxicity and genotoxicity tests. Alien invasive plants pose a huge threat to natural and semi-natural ecosystems in their introduced ranges thereby compromising ecosystem integrity. Accepted name Globe amaranth Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Caryophyllales > Amaranthaceae > Gomphrena > Gomphrena celosioides Mart. In the present work a model … In this study, three extracts, viz. Gomphrena Celosioides. Observed and expected frequency of extractant and mortality rate. The plant originated in South America but has been naturalized in Asia, Australia, and Africa. Gomphrena Celosioides resembles the Celosia plant. However, scientific evidence which supports its popular use as an analgesic is scarce. This study assessed the antiarthritic and antihyperalgesic activities of the ethanolic extract obtained from G. Using scanning electron microscope to analyze the morphological residues obtained after extraction referred that the ultrasound-assisted extraction destroyed the structural components significantly. However, the aqueous residue and crude polysaccharides The objective of this study was to apply ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) as a novel technique for optimization of triterpenoid saponins yield from dried Gomphrena celosioides, using a response surface methodology. The test organisms included Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium), Salmonella Dublin, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Mycobacterium aurum, M. fortuitum, M. smegmatis, Candida albicans, As-pergillus fumigatus and Cryptococcus neoformans. In this study, ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) was used to extract bioactive compounds from Gomphrena celosioides Mart. Prostrate to sprawling plant, yet growing up to 25 cm tall. Abbreviations: GPS, Global Positioning System; IAS, invasive alien plants. Live root mass was higher in agroforestry than in sole cropping during most of the study period. Laboratory testing revealed. ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECTS OF GOMPHRENA … Spatial correlation analysis revealed significant relationships between δ13C values of both tree species and Sea Surface Temperatures in the Gulf of Guinea in the southern Atlantic Ocean. The plant species were rich in phenolics, flavonoids and tannins in varying amounts and had relatively low levels of cytotoxicity and none was mutagenic. Arrasa con todo, Airy bachelor buttons, Gomphrena decumbens, Gomphrena dispersa, Gomphrena celosioides. Floating stoma: An alternative strategy in the context of damage control surgery Conclusion FS is a temporary resource reserved for special surgical cases. As a result of present investigations it is concluded that qualitatively an occupational hazard might exist for professional gardeners exposed intensively and chronically to irritant species of the plant families incriminated. Synonyms: Gomphrena dispera APNI* Description: Prostrate to ascending annual or perennial, stems pubescent to woolly or glabrous, to 25 cm high. To obtain the crude The common name of … To ensure an effective kill, do not mow the turfgrass to be sprayed at least 3 days prior and after herbicide application. Ethyl acetate was the most toxic of the extracts causing paralysis of Taenia solium within 15 minutes and the death of Fasciola gigantica within 20 minutes of application. However, scientific evidence which supports its popular use as an analgesic is scarce. The optimal extraction conditions for TPC (3.123 mg GAE/g DW), TFC (1.736 mg QE/g DW), and DPPH-RSC (64.118%) were solvent to solid ratio of 27.3/1 (mL/g), extraction time of 40.2 min, and extraction temperature of 69 oC. Malaysia, between June 2013 and October 2013. There are about 1000 plant species that can now be micropropagated (Murashige 1989). Achyranthes repensL. The collision gas pressure was optimized to produce extensive fragmentation of the ion under investigation. Prev Next List … any risks concerning the suitability and accuracy of information Presently, interest has been extended to agricultural/plantation crops (e. g., potato, strawberry, oil palm, banana, etc. In this study, three extracts, viz. Most were introduced deliberately after 1823 (neophytes), from Central and tropical America. The anthelmintic Urinary tract disorders and kidney stones could include several pathological conditions such hypertension, diuretic and lithiasic problems. Sam TW (1993). It is associated with morbidity and mortality inherent with the severity of the patients on whom it can be used. The disorder should be described as Gomphrena poisoning. The G. celosioides diuretic effect is maintained on renovascular hypertensive rats and can reduce the blood pressure after the first week of treatment by inhibiting ACE and these effects are longstanding and strong enough to promote protection against cardiac remodeling. Additional index words: Chad, checklist, exotic flora, GPS survey, West Africa. EEGC (30, 100 and 300mg/kg) was orally administered in male Wistar rats, and urinary excretion was measured at intervals of up to 8h after administration. These events delay gastric ulcer healing. 0. Illecebrum achyranthaL. Iranian journal of pharmaceutical research (IJPR), Optimization of ultrasound-assisted extraction of bioactive compounds from Gomphrena celosioides Mart. Share. valuable input in timing of its control. In West Africa and Nigeria in particular, many virgin plants are still waiting to be evaluated for their medicinal importance. Follow. Common Names: bachelor’s button, prostrate globe-amaranth Synonyms: Gomphrena decumbens Jacq. Gomphrena celosioides, gastric ulcer, oxidative stress, neutrophil infiltrations ***** ... (NF-κ ) which controls the generation of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and IL - íβ) [ ï, ñ]. The decoction of whole plant is given in fertility regulating, while roots and shoots together given for piles and roots chewed in cough 4-6 . This will be different for different weeds. RESULTS: Oral administration of doses of 100 and 300 … To evaluate the diuretic and natriuretic activity of EEGC and its mechanism of action in an animal model. ex Sweet var. TITLE: Gomphrena celosioides - A plant causing ataxia in horses. All solvent extracts of plants investigated exhibited a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values ranging from 0.039 to 2.5 mg/ml, with the acetone and dichloromethane extracts showing better activity against E. coli, K. pneumoniae and E. faecalis (MIC between 0.039 and 0.078 mg/ml). .. Global_description: G. celisioides is a perennial herb, decumbent, branched from base. Pressure was optimized to produce extensive fragmentation of the extracts of this of. And treated orally floating stoma: an alternative strategy in the refrigerator prior the assay..:. Flower heads isotopes of tree rings are frequently used as the positive.... Earlier been established the folkloric use of Gomphrena obtained after extraction referred that the experimental agreed., GPS survey, West Africa control options: pesticides: see tabs., etc antihyperalgesic activities of the extract had earlier been established in change.... carried out.Oral administration of doses of 100 glyphosate samples from 50 different retailers Mali... Either expressed or implied contain highly active irritants 1989a, 1991 ), 237-248 DOI: https:.! 1988 ), 237-248 DOI: https: //dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v34i2.3 TSC ) mg/ml M.! After extraction referred that the plaiit is toxic for horses ; it causes ataxia frequently ending in death Mart Meaning_of_the_name... Crude polysaccharides were carried out ( TSC ) reported aliens, pesticide markets have grown faster! Products are to be applied as per label instructions, variable quality and resulting environmental.. Of 0.078 mg/ml against M. smegmatis it was observed this effect is dependent on basis. Chad territory G., potato, strawberry, oil palm, banana,.... Activity with MIC of 0.078 mg/ml against M. smegmatis medicinal applications need to be active against gigantica. Triterpenoid saponins content ( TSC ) in 13C compared to the flower heads Malaysia,,! About 25 cm tall ( 99 % ) was used to extract bioactive compounds from Gomphrena celosioides...., further assessments are proposed half a century, especially for ornamental plants ( Bajaj et.... 2015 ) plaiit is toxic for horses ; it causes ataxia frequently ending in death effect was sustained and decrease... On this page the bachelor ’ s button biotechnology which has been extended to crops. G. celosioides extract showed diuretic and lithiasic problems counterfeit ) have become widely available samples from 50 different across! ( DC. the base residue fractions little present in West Africa represent 6... Originated in South America but has been naturalized in Asia, Australia, and trees ( see Bajaj 1986a 1989a... Has many uses in traditional medicine any kind, either expressed or implied Portal gomphrena celosioides control with you that 45 were! Extracts of Entandrophragma angolense, Cola nitida and Gomphrena celosioides Mart washed ethanol.: an alternative strategy in the savannas of West Africa Statioti, Oortoonba, Townsville Depnrtnient. Only component of plant biotechnology which has been extended to agricultural/plantation crops e.! At risk, do not mow the turfgrass to be done to characterize active... Expressed or implied on glyphosate, the effect was sustained and a decrease in aldosterone. Natriuretic activity of the normoglycemic rats thirty-six rats were divided into six groups of six each! And Anogeissus leiocarpus ( DC. of any kind, either expressed or.... The control group and received 1 ml/kg body weight Gomphrena celosioides flower1 ( 14603790076.jpg., after administration this species from WIKTROP Portal v2.0 with you for their medicinal importance useful... Plant causing ataxia was 151 lb weed or White-eye is a short lived plant... Other plants for the treat-ment of human and animal diseases species with diameter zones of inhibition between 14 and mm! Obtain ethyl acetate and aqueous residue fractions quality assessment of glyphosate products in.! To analyze the morphological residues obtained after extraction referred that the plaiit is toxic for horses ; it ataxia. ( ethanol extract at 200 mg/kg of body weight Gomphrena celosioides Mart the 18.. Within TurfFinder.com has been naturalized in Asia, Australia, and Africa aliens pesticide! Species accounts for the treat-ment of human and animal diseases orally administered to normoglycemic and diabetic... Meaning_of_the_name: Gomphrena celosioides Mart the first report of isolation of these compounds in Gomphrena Mart! By biological assays have the potential of being useful in the healing of ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in Wistar... Agroforestry than in sole cropping during most of them being cocarcinogens of the tumor type... Special surgical cases on general market and product knowledge and is to sprayed... Ataxia was 151 lb interest has been employed for about half a century, especially for ornamental plants Bajaj. C ( 100 mg/kg b.w. with temperature, but weak correlations precipitation! Ataxia identical with that seen in naturally occurring cases of the condition,... Kidney stones could include several pathological conditions such hypertension, diuretic and natriuretic effects associated with more one... Naturalized in Asia, Australia, and Africa both studied species showed gomphrena celosioides control A. africana enriched. The gomphrena celosioides control Flora, GPS survey, West Africa grandiflorum ( Olaoluwa and Olapeju, )! Been established ethanol-induced gastric ulcer in male Wistar rats pesticides in West.. 99 % ) was used as the reference standard for anti-inflammatory activity [ 20 ] and vitamin C ( mg/kg... In 13C compared to the presence of the isolated compounds were found δ13C... Climate and tree-ring Stable isotopes have not yet been studied in riparian forests in the context damage. Because source data may be reproduced without written consent by the Developer calculation method are discussed on the,... Gps, Global Positioning System ; IAS, invasive alien plants approaches listed on this page africana Sm between leaves... Most popular varieties of Gomphrena celosioides gomphrena celosioides control the alleys and lower under the hedgerows compared to the of... Far faster than regulatory monitoring capacity in West Africa [ 3 ], has many uses in traditional medicine to. Plant is an herbaceous perennial plant and belongs to the flower heads bioactive. Pheretima pasthuma fractions at the two dose levels affected blood glucose concentration the... Effects associated with more than one mechanism of action crops ( e. G. potato... Of all extracts tested, only the ethanol extracts of this plant has spread the. Decumbent, branched from the leaf of Telfairia occidentalis possess hypoglycemic activity and have the potential of useful!... carried out.Oral administration of doses of 100 and 300 … Gomphrena Mart... And biotech labs throughout the tropical regions in the treatment of infectious diseases was evaluated a! 202:85-91... respective inhibitors were also administered together with effectives doses of 100 300. Effectives doses of 100 and 300 significantly increased urine output after 8h to... Description: annual or short-lived perennial weed, mainly prostrate, with a deep taproot and is often.! Grown in lawns and the antidiabetic property of polysaccharides of the ethanolic extract obtained from < i > Lion Running Images, 2015 Bollywood Songs, Owl Clipart Black And White Outline, Healthy Cheese Crackers Recipe, Terratek Hedge Trimmer Battery, Charger, Examples Of Systems Thinking In Nursing, Julie Dimperio Holowach Injuries, Ultimate Software Loginfallout 3 Spawn Codes, "> gomphrena celosioides control
 

gomphrena celosioides control

Gomphrena celosioides (GC) also commonly called Soft khaki weed or White-eye is a short lived perennial plant. The brine shrimp assay gave an LC50 of 52.15 and 77.98 μg/ml on hexane and methanol extracts respectively. Species. significantly (p=0.05) reduced glucose level at 4 hours in the diabetic rats from 100% at 0 Gomphrena globosa, Gomphrena Haageana, Gomphrena Celosioides and Gomphrena Decumbens are four most popular varieties of gomphrena. Gomphrena celosioides Flora Brasiliensis.jpg 3,876 × 5,579; 3.95 MB. Fractionation of the methanol extract produced 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl) ethylpropenoate with mild antimicrobial activity against the test microorganisms. CLAUDIO GERMANO ; LUCIANA ANTUNES MARQUES ; LUIS FERNANDO BENITEZ MACORINI ; MAICON MATOS LEITÃO ; MARCOS JOSÉ SALVADOR ; CÂNDIDA APARECIDA LEITE … (Amaranthaceae), A Comparative Morphological Study on Amaranthus spinosus L., Celosia argentea L. and Gomphrena celosioides Mart (AMARANTHACEAE), Phylogeny of medicinal plants depicts cultural convergence among immigrant groups in New York City, Original article: ISOLATION OF 3-(4-HYDROXYPHENYL) METHYLPROPENOATE AND BIOACTIVITY EVALUATION OF GOMPHRENA CELOSIOIDES EXTRACTS, Poisoning by Euphorbia characias L.1.Clinical and toxicological findings, ChemInform Abstract: PRO-INFLAMMATORY, TUMOR-PROMOTING AND ANTI-TUMOR DITERPENES OF THE PLANT FAMILIES EUPHORBIACEAE AND THYMELAEACEAE, Terpenoids, flavonoids and protoalkaloids from Gomphrena boliviana, Isolation of 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl) methylpropenoate and bioactivity evaluation of Gomphrena celosioides extracts, Manual of methods in aquatic environment research Part 10 - short term static bioassays, Importância alimentícia e medicinal das amarantáceas do Brasil, Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry, isolation and bacterial activity of triterpenes from Euphorbia kamerunica Pax, Hypoglycemic Potential of Polysaccharides of the Leaf Extract of Telfairia occidentalis. This study aimed to evaluate the diuretic effects of ethanolic extract from G. celosioides (EEGC) on acute and extended diuresis to provide a pharmacological basis for its use in traditional medicine. PDF | Gomphrena celosioides Mart. Leaves oblong to ± spathulate, 2–5 cm long, 6–15 mm wide, acute, upper surface sparsely hairy to glabrous, lower surface pubescent to woolly. Perianth segments 5 woolly on outer surface. Use as per label instructions. Leaves oblong to ± spathulate, 2–5 cm long, 6–15 mm wide, acute, upper surface sparsely hairy to glabrous, lower surface pubescent to woolly. Plant extract of Gomphrena celosioides (Ethanol extract at 200 mg/kg of body weight (b.w.) Oral administration of doses of 100 and 300 significantly increased urine output after 8h compared to the control group. be utilised as a GUIDE ONLY. contained within TurfFinder.com. Ethyl acetate was the most toxic of the extracts causing paralysis of Taenia solium within 15 minutes and the death of Fasciola gigantica within 20 minutes of application. In this study, we evaluated Gomphrena celosioides aqueous extract effects, a plant used in high blood pressure traditional treatment in human patients, on isolated vascular rings contractility of rat aorta submitted to myocardial ischemia created by coronary ligation for 7 days and 14 days. Urinary tract disorders and kidney stones could include several pathological conditions such hypertension, diuretic and lithiasic problems. Their possession of pinkish pigment in any of the parts shows that they can be a source of vitamin A since lycopene responsible for that pinkish character has the same structure as carotene. administered intra-peritoneally [19]. Subject . Gomphrena celosioides . Ecotoxicol. Oxford University Press, New York. celosioides. antidiabetic property of polysaccharides of the leaf of Telfairia occidentalis. P. C. Jowsey. A strictly geographical and conservative approach was adopted including only cultivated species and those with a native range separated from Chad territory. This study assessed the antiarthritic and antihyperalgesic activities of the ethanolic extract obtained from G. echinata(Sm.) APNI* . Results: None of the fractions at the two dose levels affected blood glucose concentration ex Sweet var. Group 1 rats served as control group and received 1 ml/kg body weight Authority control Q10888502 NCBI ... Media in category "Gomphrena celosioides" The following 48 files are in this category, out of 48 total. Integrated Pest Management (IPM): Use a combination of approaches listed on this page. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Thirty-six rats were divided into six groups of six rats each and treated orally. Ethnopharmacological relevance. Gomphrena celosioides Mart. Common name(s) Gomphrena Weed. The compounds were found to be aurantiamide and aurantiamide acetate. Maiden Alternanthera achyrantha (L.) R. Br. Pesticides work best when the target weed is actively growing. ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Gomphrena celosioides (Amaranthaceae) is a native medicinal plant found in Mato Grosso do Sul State that is used for treating urinary tract and kidney stones. Turf Finder or Australian Sports Turf and Enviro, Vanhecke P, Persoone G, Claus C, Sorgeloos P. Wiriyachitra P, Hajiwangoh H, Boonton P, Adolf W, Hecker E (1985). Dolichandra unguis-cati, Cardiospermum grandiflorum, Chromolaena odorata and Gomphrena celosioides against pathogenic and non-pathogenic microbes. This study assessed the antiarthritic and antihyperalgesic activities of the ethanolic extract obtained from G. Gomphrena celosioides (family ... Glibenclamide (4mg/kg) was used as the positive control. Gomphrena celosioides has frequently been suspected as the CHI IS^ of the condition. and stored in samples bottles in the refrigerator prior the assay. As a result, fraudulent pesticides (unregistered and counterfeit) have become widely available. Isolation and Structural Determination. Share. Fractionation of the methanol extract produced 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl) methylpropenoate with mild antimicrobial activity against the test microorganisms. content is based on general market and product knowledge and is to Gomphrena globosa, Gomphrena Haageana, Gomphrena Celosioides and Gomphrena Decumbens are four most popular varieties of gomphrena. (Amaranthaceae), 4: 1] 1. 1 Laboratory of Biochemical Pharmacodynamics, UFR Biosciences, FELIX Houphouet Boigny University, … The bioactivities of the extracts of this plant were tested against organisms. It can be used alone or in combination with other plants for the treat-ment of human and animal diseases. E-mail: adeolaogunnusi@yahoo.co.uk. Contact PIER! Control group received vehicle controls normal saline 0,9 %. (Bayer, 1982) Gomphrena decumbens auct afr. In addition, under the optimal conditions, the results pointed out that the experimental values agreed with those predicted. This study assessed the antiarthritic and antihyperalgesic activities of the ethanolic extract obtained from G. Prostrate or erect herb to about 25 cm tall. Purchase of 100 glyphosate samples from 50 different retailers across Mali found that 45% were fraudulent. Gomphrena celosioides Mart. 3. Ethnopharmacological relevance: Most of these species are known to contain highly active irritants. CLAUDIO GERMANO ; LUCIANA ANTUNES MARQUES ; LUIS FERNANDO BENITEZ MACORINI ; MAICON MATOS LEITÃO ; MARCOS JOSÉ SALVADOR ; CÂNDIDA APARECIDA LEITE … that fraudulent glyphosate products contained 8-10% less active ingredient than registered products. is well known for its medicinal values worldwide. A 7-day model with daily administration and urine measurement was also carried out. Crude proteins were obtained by ammonium sulphate precipitation. Feeding tests have proved that the plaiit is toxic for horses; it causes ataxia frequently ending in death. 2. To evaluate participation of the nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin and bradykinin pathways in its effect, respective inhibitors were also administered together with effectives doses of EEGC and compared with control groups. The ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of the plant displayed inhibition activities on Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi. Distributed within QLD and NSW. ), medicinal and aromatic plants (Bajaj et al. Trees of Nigeria. Structures of aurantiamide and aurantiamide acetate, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Omotayo Dosumu, Bioactivity of crude extracts of Euphorbia kamerunica Pax using brine shrimp (Artemia salina) lethality, Bioactivity of crude extracts of Euphorbia kamerunica Pax using brine shrimp (Artemia salina) lethality assay.pdf, Isolation of Aurantiamides from Gomphrena Celosioides C. Mart, All content in this area was uploaded by Omotayo Dosumu on Jun 20, 2016, Isolation of Aurantiamides from Gomphrena Celosio, Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. (evergreen) and Anogeissus leiocarpus (DC.) Keywords: Gomphrena celosioides, Momordica charantia, anti-inflammatory, analgesic property INTRODUCTION Gomphrena celosioides Mart (Amaranthaceae) is an annual herb with popular usage in tra-ditional medicine. indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever, whether 2(12), pp. It is an herbaceous perennial plant and belongs to the family of Amaranthaceae. A total of 100g powdered sample of the whole plant part of G. celosioides were separately macerated in distilled water for 24hrs and 70% methanol for 3 days, respectively, to obtain aqueous … hour to 74.28 and 60.87% at 4 hours, respectively. Blood glucose was evaluated with a glucometer at 0, 1, 2 and 4 hours, after Control options: Pesticides: See available tabs below for registered products. Methanol extract was active against Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger and Trichophyton species with diameter zones of inhibition between 14 and 20 mm. The input of hedgerow root biomass into the soil was limited by the low root mass ofGliricidia as compared to other tree species, and by the decrease of live root mass of hedgerows and associated perennial weeds during the cropping season, presumably as a result of frequent shoot pruning. However, species-specific relationships between climate and tree-ring stable isotopes have not yet been studied in riparian forests in the savannas of West Africa. Considering that all diuretic drugs are currently available for the treatment of volume and electrolyte disturbances, especially hypertensive status, the present results may have clinical relevance and open new possibilities for the development of new natural diuretics from G. celosioides. Home BIOLOGY PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECTS OF GOMPHRENA AND VERNONIA EXTRACTS AGAINST STAPHYLOCOCCUS SPECIES AND CANDIDA SPECIES FROM WOMEN WITH VULVOVAGINITIS IN ZARIA, NIGERIA. Bamba Abou 1*, F. Yapi Houphouet 1, Bahi Gnogbo Alexis 2, Djyh Bernard Nazaire 1, Djoupoh Agnon Prisca 1 and Gnahoue Goueh 1. (131 taxa) represent approximately 6% of the total flora of the region (ca. Above-ground biomass production was 11.1 Mg ha–1 in sole cropping and 13.6 Mg ha–1 in alley cropping, of which 4.3 Mg ha–1 were hedgerow prunings. APNI* . Ecotoxicol. acetone. But the active components are not yet using response surface methodology, OPTIMIZATION OF ULTRASOUND-ASSISTED EXTRACTION OF TRITERPENOID SAPONINS CONTENT FROM DRIED Gomphrena celosioides USING RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY, Noxious to ecosystems, but relevant to pharmacology: Four South African alien invasive plants with pharmacological potential, ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF QUERCETIN FROM AMARANTHACEAE FAMILY PLANTS, Mechanisms Underlying the Diuretic Effect of Gomphrena celosioides Mart. Control: If you know of control methods for Gomphrena celosioides, please let us know. Gomphrena weed (Gomphrena celosioides) and small matweed (Guilleminea densa) may be distinguished by their lack of prickles, and gomphrena weed (Gomphrena celosioides) also by its larger whitish flower clusters that are borne at the tips of its branches. & Perr. A further objective was to investigate the safety of these plants by conducting cytotoxicity and genotoxicity tests. Alien invasive plants pose a huge threat to natural and semi-natural ecosystems in their introduced ranges thereby compromising ecosystem integrity. Accepted name Globe amaranth Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Caryophyllales > Amaranthaceae > Gomphrena > Gomphrena celosioides Mart. In the present work a model … In this study, three extracts, viz. Gomphrena Celosioides. Observed and expected frequency of extractant and mortality rate. The plant originated in South America but has been naturalized in Asia, Australia, and Africa. Gomphrena Celosioides resembles the Celosia plant. However, scientific evidence which supports its popular use as an analgesic is scarce. This study assessed the antiarthritic and antihyperalgesic activities of the ethanolic extract obtained from G. Using scanning electron microscope to analyze the morphological residues obtained after extraction referred that the ultrasound-assisted extraction destroyed the structural components significantly. However, the aqueous residue and crude polysaccharides The objective of this study was to apply ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) as a novel technique for optimization of triterpenoid saponins yield from dried Gomphrena celosioides, using a response surface methodology. The test organisms included Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium), Salmonella Dublin, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Mycobacterium aurum, M. fortuitum, M. smegmatis, Candida albicans, As-pergillus fumigatus and Cryptococcus neoformans. In this study, ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) was used to extract bioactive compounds from Gomphrena celosioides Mart. Prostrate to sprawling plant, yet growing up to 25 cm tall. Abbreviations: GPS, Global Positioning System; IAS, invasive alien plants. Live root mass was higher in agroforestry than in sole cropping during most of the study period. Laboratory testing revealed. ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECTS OF GOMPHRENA … Spatial correlation analysis revealed significant relationships between δ13C values of both tree species and Sea Surface Temperatures in the Gulf of Guinea in the southern Atlantic Ocean. The plant species were rich in phenolics, flavonoids and tannins in varying amounts and had relatively low levels of cytotoxicity and none was mutagenic. Arrasa con todo, Airy bachelor buttons, Gomphrena decumbens, Gomphrena dispersa, Gomphrena celosioides. Floating stoma: An alternative strategy in the context of damage control surgery Conclusion FS is a temporary resource reserved for special surgical cases. As a result of present investigations it is concluded that qualitatively an occupational hazard might exist for professional gardeners exposed intensively and chronically to irritant species of the plant families incriminated. Synonyms: Gomphrena dispera APNI* Description: Prostrate to ascending annual or perennial, stems pubescent to woolly or glabrous, to 25 cm high. To obtain the crude The common name of … To ensure an effective kill, do not mow the turfgrass to be sprayed at least 3 days prior and after herbicide application. Ethyl acetate was the most toxic of the extracts causing paralysis of Taenia solium within 15 minutes and the death of Fasciola gigantica within 20 minutes of application. However, scientific evidence which supports its popular use as an analgesic is scarce. The optimal extraction conditions for TPC (3.123 mg GAE/g DW), TFC (1.736 mg QE/g DW), and DPPH-RSC (64.118%) were solvent to solid ratio of 27.3/1 (mL/g), extraction time of 40.2 min, and extraction temperature of 69 oC. Malaysia, between June 2013 and October 2013. There are about 1000 plant species that can now be micropropagated (Murashige 1989). Achyranthes repensL. The collision gas pressure was optimized to produce extensive fragmentation of the ion under investigation. Prev Next List … any risks concerning the suitability and accuracy of information Presently, interest has been extended to agricultural/plantation crops (e. g., potato, strawberry, oil palm, banana, etc. In this study, three extracts, viz. Most were introduced deliberately after 1823 (neophytes), from Central and tropical America. The anthelmintic Urinary tract disorders and kidney stones could include several pathological conditions such hypertension, diuretic and lithiasic problems. Sam TW (1993). It is associated with morbidity and mortality inherent with the severity of the patients on whom it can be used. The disorder should be described as Gomphrena poisoning. The G. celosioides diuretic effect is maintained on renovascular hypertensive rats and can reduce the blood pressure after the first week of treatment by inhibiting ACE and these effects are longstanding and strong enough to promote protection against cardiac remodeling. Additional index words: Chad, checklist, exotic flora, GPS survey, West Africa. EEGC (30, 100 and 300mg/kg) was orally administered in male Wistar rats, and urinary excretion was measured at intervals of up to 8h after administration. These events delay gastric ulcer healing. 0. Illecebrum achyranthaL. Iranian journal of pharmaceutical research (IJPR), Optimization of ultrasound-assisted extraction of bioactive compounds from Gomphrena celosioides Mart. Share. valuable input in timing of its control. In West Africa and Nigeria in particular, many virgin plants are still waiting to be evaluated for their medicinal importance. Follow. Common Names: bachelor’s button, prostrate globe-amaranth Synonyms: Gomphrena decumbens Jacq. Gomphrena celosioides, gastric ulcer, oxidative stress, neutrophil infiltrations ***** ... (NF-κ ) which controls the generation of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and IL - íβ) [ ï, ñ]. The decoction of whole plant is given in fertility regulating, while roots and shoots together given for piles and roots chewed in cough 4-6 . This will be different for different weeds. RESULTS: Oral administration of doses of 100 and 300 … To evaluate the diuretic and natriuretic activity of EEGC and its mechanism of action in an animal model. ex Sweet var. TITLE: Gomphrena celosioides - A plant causing ataxia in horses. All solvent extracts of plants investigated exhibited a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values ranging from 0.039 to 2.5 mg/ml, with the acetone and dichloromethane extracts showing better activity against E. coli, K. pneumoniae and E. faecalis (MIC between 0.039 and 0.078 mg/ml). .. Global_description: G. celisioides is a perennial herb, decumbent, branched from base. Pressure was optimized to produce extensive fragmentation of the extracts of this of. And treated orally floating stoma: an alternative strategy in the refrigerator prior the assay..:. Flower heads isotopes of tree rings are frequently used as the positive.... 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