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james 4:8 commentary

‘Purify your hearts.’ This emphasises the need for them to be cleansed within, in the inner man, which is responsible for men’s thoughts (Mark 7:21-23). 1870. And to break God's commands, is to speak evil of them, and to judge them, as if they laid too great a restraint upon us. On the wall was a large painting of an eye. James 1:16 we have, λούσασθε, καθαροὶ γένεσθε, and in Sirach 38:10, ἀπόστησον πλημμελίαν καὶ εὔθυνον χεῖρας, καὶ ἀπὸ πάσης ἁμαρτίας καθάρισον καρδίαν. vi. Change your laughter to mourning and your joy to gloom. Greek. What is required now is genuineness of action and heart. How many of us think that simply stopping the outward sin is an adequate level of repentance? (John Grose, M. And as pride consists in our entertaining higher ideas of ourselves than truth will warrant, and in our presuming upon these, both in feeling and in practice, as if they were just and correct, so humility consists in our entertaining accurate notions of what we really are in relation to some one above us, and in preserving that station which a regard to our real merits requires us to occupy, as to the sentiments we cherish and the conduct we maintain, with respect to those under whom we are placed. BibliographyGill, John. "Commentary on James 4:8". ), Turn all the streams into one channel, that may drive the will, that may grind the heart. The Apostle is addressing not two classes of persons, but one and the same: “Eosdem vocat peccatores et duplices animo,” Calv.). As a tree, the more deeply it is rooted in the earth, the taller it groweth and mounteth the higher; even so a man, the more humble and lowly that he is, the more and higher doth the Lord exalt him. Cleanse your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded. Then said I, Here [am] I send me.". Can those who thus honour parents and magistrates deny the obligation to do homage to Him who is at once their Maker, their Sovereign, and their Judge? The wonderful benefits of drawing near to God are beyond all calculation: 1. Humility, however, is so mortifying to the human mind, that before it can obtain a settlement there, every attempt is made to discover reasons for believing that it is neither necessary nor appropriate. The devices of God’s wisdom become acceptable to you, the offers of His mercy become welcome to you, the hopes of His favour become precious to you, the whole manifestation of His redeeming love becomes available to you. 8. Used by Permission. 1832. "Commentary on James 4:8". The form of address varies in this Epistle; and at one time they are addressed as holy brethren, at another time as sinners, at another time as waverers. BibliographyWesley, John. And one of the most common refuges in which the natural pride of man fortifies itself, is the self-righteous plea of what is called innocence and amiableness of character. James 1:8). See note on Mark 15:7. To purify means to remove all mixture of evil desires, and the heart can be thus purified only "by [the] faith" Acts 15:9. Surely, the penitent as well; the murderous hands “which all the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten,” the hearts polluted with the most abominable lusts, may and must be cleansed; sinners and double-minded (refer to James 1:8) though they be, and both in one, the Lord of mercy will “draw nigh” to them, if they to Him: all their “transgressions shall not be mentioned,” they “shall live and not die” (Ezekiel 18:21-22). 1801-1803. But if any one concludes from this passage, that the first part of the work belongs to us, and that afterwards the grace of God follows, the Apostle meant no such thing; for though we ought to do this, yet it does [not] immediately follow that we can. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/james-4.html. There must be a deeper work than that; a work which shall reach to the heart, and which shall purify the affections. Then draw nigh to God in prayer, and he will draw nigh unto you, will hear you; which that nothing may hinder, cleanse your hands - Cease from doing evil. Submit yourselves therefore to God. Commerce with God in an ordinance is one thing, and communion with him is another; a man may have a commerce or trade with an enemy for profit sake, whilst he refuses to hold communion with him in a way of friendship and intimacy of acquaintance. The very heathens knew this; and had therefore their coena pura before their solemn sacrifices; and the sacrificers were appointed to purify themselves some days before. But in order to draw nigh to God, conversion from the former nature is necessary; therefore καθαρίσατε χεῖρας … ἀγνίσατε καρδίας. The sinner must draw nigh unto God by the way of His own appointment, and that way is Christ. What a blessed hour was that to the poor prodigal when he came to himself, and said, “I will arise and go to my father.” Supplication, too, as a part of prayer, is a blessed exercise. draw near to God, and He will draw near (here better ‘will:’ in speaking of the divine dealings, positive declarations are better softened: cf. No person is accused nor even specifically admonished except the guilty ones. double-minded — divided between God and the world. The regular order would be, Purify your hearts, cleanse your hands, draw nigh to God, and be subject to him. 2. "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". We cannot see God without praying to Him as the source of pardon and holiness, the only guardian and guide of the soul. And this exhortation is highly important in the first place, because, unless we have just notions of what we are as sinners, we can neither perceive the value, nor be prepared for the reception of any scheme that may be devised for our deliverance; and in the second place, because, among the principles of our fallen nature, pride is that which has perhaps the greatest ascendancy over our minds, and prevents us from giving heed to those considerations which go to determine what we really are, and by doing so, to fix us at our proper level. A. And further, to draw nigh to God was necessary before they could set themselves in array under his authority, so that there is a connection between this verse and the former: the ultimate object, stated first, was submission to God, and to be under his protection; and all that follows was necessary for that purpose. Wash your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded. Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Change Language {{#items}} {{local_title}} God magnifies the sacred influences that bless the souls that come to him. As showing the reasonableness of prayer, consider the benefits of a persevering attendance on this duty. Cleanse therefore your hands, ye sinners; and purify your hearts, ye double-minded. The Lord’s light shines on him, and that light reveals sin in the heart. Bibliography"Commentary on James 4:8". 9 Grieve, mourn and wail. Mouton. Cleanse your hands, you sinners; and purify your hearts, you double-minded. And he will draw nigh to you; by the manifestation of his grace and favour to you, particularly giving you strength against the devil and your lusts. New York. James 4:8. ἐγγίσατε, draw near) The flight of the devil is followed, in the order of nature rather than of time, by an approach to God, in holy prayer, James 4:2-3.— ἐγγιεῖ, He will draw near) as propitious. See full comment on that passage in my Commentary on Hebrews, pp. 4. Consider the extent--the strictness--the spirituality of that law to which you are subject. Ye double minded; either by the former he understands the profane, and by these, hypocrites, or the same by both, viz. James wrote to help them. None but the clean-handed can ascend into the hill of the Lord (justified through Christ, who alone was perfectly so, and as such “ascended” thither). THE MEANING. But it is only the pure in heart and hand that can approach God: therefore—Purify your hands (the hands being the external organs of action, and becoming polluted by the act, as e. g. by blood in the act of murder: cf. 1 Peter 1:22; 1 John 3:3. ἁμαρτωλοὶ … δίψυχοι] This address, designating the present condition of the addressed, shows the necessity of μετάνοια; ἁμαρτωλοί, because instead of God, who chose them for His possession, they serve the lusts ( ἡδοναῖς, James 4:1) of the κόσμος, corresponding to μοιχαλίδες, James 4:4; δίψυχοι, because they would at the same time be Christians. BibliographyClarke, Adam. It is a good exchange to put away carnal joy for godly sorrow; for then we put away a sin for a duty, brass for gold; yea, we have that in the duty which we expected in the sin, and in a more pure, full, and sweet way. BibliographyCalvin, John. First aorist active imperative of εγγιζω — eggizō late verb from εγγυς — eggus (near) as in Matthew 3:2. We have repeatedly noted his amazing familiarity with the whole spectrum of Christian doctrine. There is this difference, that our steps must be guided and sustained by the Lord, for our feet fail us. He is so holy and jealous of His worship, that he expects that there should be preparation in our accesses unto Him: preparation of our persons by purity of life (Job 11:13); preparation of our services by choice of matter (John 9:1); preparation of our hearts by finding them out, stirring them up, fixing them, fetching them in, and calling together all that is within us to prevail with God. But who shall come “into the tabernacle of God, or rest upon His holy hill” (Psalms 15:1), except the man “of uncorrupt life”? It is not only an outward amendment of life, but its beginning is the cleansing of the heart. Cleanse your hands, you sinners; and purify your hearts, you double minded. God will give us that in sorrow which the world cannot find in pleasure; serenity, and contentment of mind. | 245 views. "you double-minded"-"divided in interest" (Thayer p. 153). ‘Cleanse your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you doubleminded.’. BibliographyConstable, Thomas. BibliographyExell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "James 4:8". 1685. (J. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Cleanse [your] hands, [ye] sinners; and purify [your] hearts, [ye] double minded. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/james-4.html. 1897-1910. If you saw two persons working together in the same shop or the same field, both blessed with the faculty of speech, and delighting to converse with all others, but never conversing with each other, what would be your conclusion? Anyway, there was little of value in the thread except the observation that it was clearly true, we as believers look like the world. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/james-4.html. By no means; but the reverse. It is not a humility of despair, but of faith. But the humility enjoined upon us not only respects our relation to God as His creatures, whose every faculty must be traced to Him--it also respects our relation to Him as His sinful creatures--who are thus removed at a still greater distance from Him than they naturally were, and liable to His high and holy indignation. Learn, 1. "A man who cleanses the outside and leaves the inside impure is a double-minded man" (Draper p. 126). He is ready to offer Himself, and is pressed at hand to all such as come near unto Him, to make them to feel the comfort of His presence. See Acts 21:24. James 4:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] James 4:9, NIV: "Grieve, mourn and wail.Change your laughter to mourning and your joy to gloom." Hosea 10:2, and in addition to the passages referred to above, James 1:8, cf. A bad attitude, a selfish disposition isn"t set in stone---we can change if we want to. 1. Christians are brethren. The person who loves God, but not completely, they have some trust in God, but not fully, they don"t like some things in the world, but they don"t abhor every evil in the world. This is God's work and I don't want anyone to profit from it in a material way. We hence learn what is the true character of repentance. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/james-4.html. The drawing nigh to God was ritually symbolized by the approach of the people, and especially the priests, to Jehovah in the holy of holies. Even the desire to be a friend (wants to be a friend) of the world makes that one an enemy of God. 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