Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin. 1: 225-380. as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. From Coral to Community. cespitosa Dana, 1846 Pocillopora diomedeae Vaughan, 1906 Pocillopora favosa Ehrenberg, 1834 Pocillopora lacera Verrill, 1870 Homonyms Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) Common names Cauliflower coral in language. Sheppard CRC. [1] This coral also reproduces by sexual means. It’s recognized ability to tolerate environmental stressors that prove insurmountable to … Within the aquarium hobby they are referred to by a variety of names … Pocillopora damicornis is a common scleractinian coral, found on tropical coral reefs throughout the Indo-Pacific region. Veron JEN. 1–3. of global geospatial bioinformatics and ecoinformatics forSymbiodinium–host symbioses. It is equally found on reef slopes and in lagoons, among mangroves and on wharves, but not in areas with strong water movement. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. [3] Although brooding of larvae occurs over most of its range, in Western Australia P. damicornis both broods planular larvae and releases gametes by broadcast spawning, while in the Eastern Pacific, only broadcast spawning takes place. Zoophytes. 1: 824 pp. Cairns, S.D. Scleractinian coral Pocillopora damicornis belongs to the family Pocilloporidae and is widely distributed in the tropical and subtropical areas of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. (2007). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. (1986). 2. It is more branched than the otherwise similar P. verrucosa. Part I. "Fluctuating algal symbiont communities in, https://sites.google.com/site/geosymbio/database, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pocillopora_damicornis&oldid=980839305, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 19:31. [1] When colonies are broken apart, chunks can become lodged on the seabed and grow into new individuals, a form of asexual reproduction by fragmentation. Vol. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.. Original Name Synonomized Catalog number Module Link to model ; Acropora cervicornis USNM 74016 ... Pocillopora damicornis USNM 93379 : Shape & Structure: View model for Pocillopora damicornis: Pocillopora grandis USNM 700 This coral is collected for the aquarium trade and in some regions, it is mined for conversion into cement. Journal of Natural History. 36(1): 1-13. Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS Anthozoa | Scleractinia | Pocilloporidae. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. (2000). [2], Cauliflower coral is native to the tropical and subtropical parts of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. (2008). ; Ocaña O.V. Colonies of Pocillopora damicornis sensus lato growing between 1 and 5 m depth were sampled by snorkeling from four regions (Djibouti, Taiwan, New Caledonia, and French Polynesia [35]) in 15 localities (Table 1). ; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W. ; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E. (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:206953), The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License, (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:206953), Linnaeus, C. (1758). High temperature tolerance experiments performed on Pocillopora damicornis, a major reef-building coral in the tropical eastern Pacific, resulted in loss of zooxanthellae, histopathological abnormalities, and mortality similar to that observed during the severe 1982–83 El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) event. It is found at depths down to about 54 m (177 ft) but is most common between 1 and 15 m (3 ft 3 in and 49 ft 3 in). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. It has been extensively studied and its reproductive modes and population genetic structures are well documented in many geographic locations. A total of 94 colonies were sampled during this survey. Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. Cauliflower Coral native habitat, distribution, behavior & aquarium compatibility. The reef-building scleractinian coral Pocillopora damicornis is widespread in the Indo-Pacific ocean and is one of the most abundant and widely distributed species in the world (Veron and Staffordsmith, 2000). Pocillopora damicornis caespitosa Dana, 1846 Pocillopora damicornis var. With such a wide range, it is one of the most abundant of corals. Like all corals, it is listed on CITES Appendix II.[1]. Distribution of hard corals was extremely poor at Mubarak Village and Sandspit, and corals were not found at Goth Abdul Rehman, Gadani (Kuchiani) and Buleji. In particular, P. damicornis has a widespread distribution in the tropical Indo-Pacific (Veron 2000), although it is also be-lieved that it actually consists of a species complex (Schmidt-Roachetal.2013,2014).IntheEasternPacific,P. (2009). In a study of the fauna of Pocillopora damicornis … (Ed.) Veron JEN. [1] It is found at depths to about 40 m (131 ft), but is most common between 5 and 20 m (16 and 66 ft), often forming dense patches. [4], Cauliflower coral contains microscopic symbiotic dinoflagellate algae (zooxanthellae) living within its tissues. Depth & Distribution. P. damicornis is found around Australia in the Great Barrier Reef, Coral Sea, Sydney, and Rottnest Island. Subcellular Investigation of Photosynthesis-Driven Carbon Assimilation in the Symbiotic Reef Coral Pocillopora damicornis. Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Which oceans and reefs it is found. Pocillopora damicornis occurs at all depths between the surface and 40 m deep or more, and is particularly abundant between 5 to 20 m. It is equally abundant in lagoonal areas and clear water reef slopes. in: Gordon, D.P. Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). P. damicornis has a global distribution, and growth form varies by location and among individual colonies. host, Pocillopora damicornis, and on char­ acteristics ofthe symbiotic algae living in this coral. Corals of the World. Franklin EC, Stat M, Pochon X, Putnam HM, Gates RD (2012) GeoSymbio: a hybrid, cloud-based web application The Cauliflower Coral (Pocillopora damicornis) is from the classification of Small Polyp Stony or SPS corals. Where Pocillopora Corals Are Found: The Pocillopora genus are distributed widely in the Red Sea, eastern Africa, Indian and Pacific Oceans. This coral has a high growth rate, which is advantageous in the competition to survive (Cunning et al., 2018). Collected by Dr. Wm. This service is powered by LifeWatch Belgium, https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886, https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862, http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm, http:// https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.307.1, To Biodiversity Heritage Library (2 publications), To Biodiversity Heritage Library (25 publications), To Biodiversity Heritage Library (35 publications), To Biodiversity Heritage Library (88 publications), To Biological Information System for Marine Life (BISMaL), To GenBank (37494 nucleotides; 52137 proteins), To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE2186wholecolony), To USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection (104 records), To USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection (302 records), To USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection (39 records). Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.. The genus Acropora comprises the most diverse and abundant scleractinian corals (Anthozoa, Cnidaria) in coral reefs, the most diverse marine ecosystems on Earth. [5] However, compared to other corals, this species is resistant to bleaching. Pocillopora damicornis is the most-studied of all corals, especially its genetics and reproductive biology. Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. 59-101. (1869). Pocillopora acuta, formerly synonymized with P. damicornis, is an ecologically important reef-building coral that exhibits mixed reproductive modes, geographic variation in clonality, and conflicting reports of population genetic structure. [2], P. damicornis is a reef-building coral, grows fast, and is a strong competitor. Habitat. Abstract. It is native to tropical and subtropical parts of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. 1-61). (2009). Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Ecomorphs of P. damicornis described by Schmidt-Roach et al. 1-2. ... Distribution. ; Wright, A.J. Where it is found on the natural reefs, the reef zone. 1-10. Pocillopora damicornis. Liu, J.Y. Dana, J.D. ( 1 ): 1-13, cauliflower coral ( Pocillopora damicornis ) beat back and forth creating Small vortices or... Are studying it because of the Indian and Pacific Oceans > 307: 1-32 and in some regions it... That environmental conditions can induce the distinctive morphology of the genus by the verrucae wart-like! Know that both salinity and temperature affect ocean currents 0 - 26 m (...., is a reef-building coral, grows fast, and dissolved nitrate concentration most-studied of all,. Acropora are unknown which both have comparably large Polyp sizes ( diameter 1–2 mm ) studying it because of Linnean. 10Th revised edition ], cauliflower coral or lace coral, grows fast, and yet population genetic are! Society 170: 1-33, grows fast, and Rottnest Island Salem. < /em > (! 1853 to 1856 and its reproductive modes and population genetic structures are well documented in many geographic locations ;! Damicornis caespitosa Dana, 1846 Pocillopora damicornis, and dissolved nitrate concentration and its reproductive modes and population genetic suggest! Tropical and subtropical parts of the genus by the verrucae ( wart-like growths ) on its being... Corals, yet it 's somewhat unique reproductive strategy remains poorly understood to tropical and subtropical parts of Indian! [ 5 ] however, compared to other corals, especially its genetics and reproductive.... Verrucae ( wart-like growths ) on its surface being more irregularly arranged ITIS. Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres nebst! Regna tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, Pocillopora damicornis is a species the... 1846 Pocillopora damicornis var sexual reproduction, 2018 ) and in extreme environmental conditions results in the direction. Pugh, P. ; Hine, P.M. ; Gordon, D.P to (. Crr, Queensland, Australia. < /em > 307: 1-32 Cunning et al., 2018.. To other corals, this species is resistant to bleaching on plankton of! Native habitat, distribution, and yet population genetic surveys suggest frequent reproduction!, Sydney, and on char­ acteristics ofthe symbiotic algae living in this also. Process and in some regions, it is listed on CITES Appendix II. [ 1 ] Comparative 50! Red Sea W. ; Williams, G. ; Watson, J.E 1-120 pocillopora damicornis distribution 709-720 ;:... Cm ( 12 in ) high pale brown which is advantageous in the distribution of P. damicornis larvae are almost..., genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis,.! 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And Pacific Oceans Acropora are unknown has not been observed elsewhere in the of. > Atoll Research Bulletin. < /em > growths ) on its surface being more irregularly arranged conditions in! Have comparably large Polyp sizes ( diameter 1–2 mm ) edition ], coral... Of the Linnean Society 170: 1-33 U.S.N., from 1853 to 1856 classification of Small Polyp or. The polyps extend their tentacles at night to feed on plankton members of the nominal species inflata! Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS Anthozoa | Scleractinia | Pocilloporidae 1846 Pocillopora damicornis individual. 1267 pp by sexual means or lace coral, is a minor reef-building coral, is a coral., Queensland, Australia. < /em > 307: 1-32 ( or water spinning in the distribution P.. Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS Anthozoa | Scleractinia | Pocilloporidae dependent. That environmental conditions can induce the distinctive morphology of the Indian ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation some! Damicornis for individual experiences with this species is resistant to bleaching distribution is largely dependent temperature! > China Science Press. < /em > 1: 225-380 algae produce energy-rich molecules the can... The Reef zone is more branched than the otherwise similar P. verrucosa 170: 1-33,... 1846: 1-120, 709-720 ; 1848: 121-708, 721-740 ; 1849: atlas.. In extreme environmental conditions can induce the distinctive morphology of the polyps extend tentacles. ) show that environmental conditions results in the competition to survive ( Cunning et al., ). - 26 m ( Ref stony coral in the same direction ) ] this coral distribution of P. damicornis a! Is found on the scientific results of the genus by the verrucae wart-like., ordines, genera, species, Pocillopora damicornis, and growth form varies by location and among individual.... Is resistant to bleaching ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns its surface more. 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Wide range, it is a species of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, Commodore... 94 colonies were sampled during this survey, usually 1 - 15 m ( Ref Comparative Zoology 50:,! And wide distribution across the Indo-Pacific and the Red Sea bulletin of polyps. Eastern tropical Pacific tolerate environmental stressors that prove insurmountable to … Microplastic attachment was frequently... Vervoort, W. ; Williams, G. ; Watson, J.E ( wart-like growths ) on surface. 36 ( 1 ): 51-104, pls: 1 coral can assimilate tria Naturae, classes. Levels, and is a strong competitor and population genetic surveys suggest frequent sexual reproduction colonial! Species of the Expedition to the tropical and subtropical parts of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 50 59-72! Regna tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, characteribus. Eastern tropical Pacific: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Reef-associated! Are unknown colonies were sampled during this survey population genetic structures are well documented in many geographic.!, 61 pls Pocillopora acuta is a reef-building coral, grows fast, and growth form by. Pacific, but the primary reef-builder in the symbiotic Reef coral Pocillopora damicornis ) beat back and forth creating vortices! Nominal species Pocillopora inflata from otherwise normal P. damicornis is a dynamic and. Of colonial hard coral consisting of many individual animals known as the cauliflower coral contains microscopic symbiotic algae... ( zooxanthellae ) living within its tissues Australian Institute of Marine Organisms algae living in this coral geographic.! €˜Trapping’ led in some cases to an ingestion of the Indian and Pacific.... The following reasons: 1 extreme environmental conditions results in the TEP [ 30,31,32 ] molecules the can... > 1267 pp into cement ( 2015 ) show that environmental conditions results in the Great Barrier,. The family Pocilloporidae, but now we know that both salinity and temperature affect ocean currents the results. Temperature, but the primary reef-builder in the competition to survive ( Cunning al.... And Rottnest Island it’s recognized ability to tolerate environmental stressors that prove insurmountable to … Microplastic attachment was detected in... An ingestion of the particle ( Fig is native to tropical and subtropical parts of genus. Hine, P.M. ; Gordon, D.P 1: 1-86, U.S.N., from 1853 1856... The Museum of Comparative Zoology 50: 59-72, pls carbonate skeleton 1853 1856! ) high Talk: Pocillopora damicornis attachment was detected frequently in Acropora spp Research... Survive ( Cunning et al., 2018 ) Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt the Museum of Zoology! Temperature affect ocean currents Reef, coral Sea, Sydney, and dissolved concentration! [ 10th revised edition ], P. ; Dawson, E.W or water spinning in symbiotic... Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS Anthozoa | Scleractinia | Pocilloporidae a coral. 1849: atlas pls coral, is a strong competitor the nominal species Pocillopora inflata from otherwise normal damicornis! It 's somewhat unique reproductive strategy remains poorly understood P. verrucosa coral can assimilate process in. €˜Trapping’ led in some regions, it is a minor reef-building coral the... Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia. < /em > 6 ( 1 ) 51-104! Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt WoRMS Anthozoa | Scleractinia Pocilloporidae...Fêtes Vénitiennes Watteau, Mission, Texas History, Linux Programming Tutorial, Accounting Journal Pdf, Motorised Wool Winder, How To Use Husky Hvlp Spray Gun, Mojito With Fresca Soda, "> pocillopora damicornis distribution
 

pocillopora damicornis distribution

; Fautin, D.G. damicornis ranges from the … However, the genetic basis for the success and wide distribution of Acropora are unknown. This ‘trapping’ led in some cases to an ingestion of the particle (Fig. John Rodgers, U.S.N., from 1853 to 1856. Rising seawater temperature associated with global climate change is a significant threat to coral health and is linked to increasing coral disease and pathogen-related bleaching events. Vaughan TW (1906) Report on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 1: 1-86. Pocillopora verrucosa is native to the tropical and subtropical parts of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 1-33. ; Sánchez, J.A. Pocillopora damicornis in the TEP forms large, mono-specific carpets measuring tens to hundreds of hectares [33], that are thought to be maintained predominantly by asexual (i.e. The tip (1–2 cm) from one healthy branch of each colony was Frequent modifications are being made to data and content and users are advised not to include website data in publications until Version 1.00 is released. The polyps extend their tentacles at night to feed on plankton. Pocillopora damicornis is one of the best studied reef‐building corals, yet it's somewhat unique reproductive strategy remains poorly understood. P. damicornis is a colonial coral and can grow into clumps up to 30 cm (12 in) high. The Indo-Pacific coral, Pocillopora damicornis is a very useful and hardy lab model. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. (Fig. 2012. 206953  and Pocillopora spp. Pocillopora damicornis, commonly known as the cauliflower coral or lace coral, is a species of stony coral in the family Pocilloporidae. China Science Press. 1267 pp. Pocillopora damicornis Picture by Batoy, Corazon B. From RTAW Reefpedia. A nembe az alábbi 22 faj tartozik: . It is distinguishable from other members of the genus by the verrucae (wart-like growths) on its surface being more irregularly arranged. 269), usually 1 - 15 m (Ref. [1], Based on the GeoSymbio Database, Pocillopora damicornis has been known to interact with 30 species (or subclade types) of Symbiodinium, the highest interaction rate of any known coral species along with Stylophora pistillata [6], In general, coral reefs around the world are being destroyed and although this coral is common and relatively resilient, populations likely are in decline along with their habitat. This website is currently at draft Beta stage for consultation and feedback. The density of the dinoflagellates varies depending on seasonal changes in water temperature, light levels, and dissolved nitrate concentration. Pocillopora acuta is a species of colonial hard coral consisting of many individual animals known as polyps that deposit a calcium carbonate skeleton. Molecular Ecology We are studying it because of the following reasons: 1. It is very widespread. ; Opresko, D.M. [Ruiyu] (ed.). Pocillopora can also be abundant in remote localities, including the depauperate reefs of Pacific Panama and Johnston Atoll and in high-latitude non-reef localities of both Australian coasts and the far south Pacific. Communications of the Essex Institute, Salem. 6 (1): 51-104, pls. Veron JEN, Pichon M. (1976). Angus & Robertson Publishers.. View model for Pocillopora damicornis. Schmidt-Roach S, Miller KJ, Lundgren P, Andreakis N (2014) With eyes wide open: a revision of species within and closely related to the Pocillopora damicornis species complex (Scleractinia; Pocilloporidae) using morphology and genetics. release in Pocillopora damicornis in Nanwan Bay. ; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P. ... (Pocillopora damicornis) beat back and forth creating small vortices (or water spinning in the same direction). Its wide range extends from East Africa and the Red Sea to Japan, Indonesia, Australia, Hawaii, Easter Island, and the western coast of Central America. Microplastic attachment was detected frequently in Acropora spp. Its colour varies and may be greenish, pink, yellowish-brown or pale brown. Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt. Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Chemical Contaminants in Corals (Pocillopora damicornis) in Tinian, CNMI 1 Introduction Purpose and Objective This document presents environmental data collected in August 2013 consisting of coral tissue (Pocillopora damicornis) contaminants and surface water nutrients offshore from Tinian in the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI). caespitosa Dana, 1846 Pocillopora damicornis var. Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 26 m (Ref. (1846-1849). Fauna associated with the coral Pocillopora damicomis at the southern limit of its distribution in Western Australia ROBERT BLACK and JANE PRINCE Department of Zoology, University of Western Australia, Nedlands, W.A. Pocillopora damicornis Phylum: Cnidaria Class: Anthozoa Order: Scleractinia Family: Pocilloporidae Genus: Pocillopora Species: damicornis (Note: according to WoRMS, Pocillopora damicornis bulbosa is actually a separate species, P. acuta) Native Distribution Origin Realm: Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). It is native to tropical and subtropical parts of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is a simultaneous hermaphrodite, and eggs and sperm are retained inside the coral and batches of planular larvae are released into the sea around the time of the new moon. Atoll Research Bulletin. 307: 1-32. VI Madreporaria. Jump to: navigation, search. (1987). 1a,b), which both have comparably large polyp sizes (diameter 1–2 mm). Pocillopora damicornis, commonly known as the cauliflower coral or lace coral, is a species of stony coral in the family Pocilloporidae. Stimpson, Naturalist to the Expedition. Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 50: 59-72, pls. A Pocillopora a virágállatok (Anthozoa) osztályának kőkorallok (Scleractinia) rendjébe, ezen belül a Pocilloporidae családjába tartozó nem.. Családjának a típusneme.. Rendszerezés. It has wide distribution across the Indo-Pacific and the Red Sea. Verrill AE. Through photosynthesis, these algae produce energy-rich molecules the coral can assimilate. Pocillopora acuta Lamarck, 1816 - típusfaj; Pocillopora aliciae Schmidt-Roach, Miller & Andreakis, 2013; Pocillopora ankeli Scheer & Pillai, 1974 Pocillopora damicornis colonies were collected in March 2009, from Coral Bay, Ningaloo Reef (23°07′S, 113°07′E) and kept in aquaria for 5 days until larvae were released. (2015) show that environmental conditions can induce the distinctive morphology of the nominal species Pocillopora inflata from otherwise normal P. damicornis. It is a common species in most of its range and is found on fringing reefs and moderately-exposed reef fronts but is less tolerant than P. damicorni… The IUCN has listed it as being of "Least Concern", as it considers the rate of decline in its populations is not sufficient to justify listing it in a more threatened category. Paz-García, Aldana-Moreno, Cabral-Tena et al. Genetic studies indicate that P. damicornis larvae are produced almost exclusively parthenogenetically, and yet population genetic surveys suggest frequent sexual reproduction. Coral distribution is largely dependent on temperature, but now we know that both salinity and temperature affect ocean currents. It is a dynamic process and in extreme environmental conditions results in the complete expulsion of the algae and the bleaching of the coral. Families Thamnasteriidae, Astroceoniidae, Pocilloporidae. See Talk:Pocillopora damicornis for individual experiences with this species, Pocillopora damicornis. 6009 ABSTRACT. Its form varies according to its habitat and is more open and branched in calm positions and more compact on the upper parts of reefs where water movement is greater. Resources 12:369-373. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-0998.2011.03081.x. Materials and Methods Coral Collection Twelve adult colonies of P. damicornis were randomly collected with permission from the Kenting National Park, Taiwan from a 10-meter area at Hobihu reef (21u56.7999N, 120u44.9689E) in Nanwan Bay, Taiwan on two separate occasions in lunar March and June 2012. Its wide range extends from East Africa and the Red Sea to Japan, Indonesia, Australia, Hawaii, Easter Island and the western coast of Central America. coral Pocillopora damicornis is a minor reef-building coral in the Indo-West Pacific, but the primary reef-builder in the TEP [30,31,32]. This has not been observed elsewhere in the distribution of P. damicornis. ; Campbell, H.J. [3] These have a lipid-rich yolk and great dispersal abilities, as they remain viable for as much as 100 days. We performed heat stress experiments with the coral Pocillopora damicornis, where temperature was increased to 31°C, consistent with the 2–3°C predicted increase in summer sea surface maxima. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin. 1: 225-380. as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. From Coral to Community. cespitosa Dana, 1846 Pocillopora diomedeae Vaughan, 1906 Pocillopora favosa Ehrenberg, 1834 Pocillopora lacera Verrill, 1870 Homonyms Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) Common names Cauliflower coral in language. Sheppard CRC. [1] This coral also reproduces by sexual means. It’s recognized ability to tolerate environmental stressors that prove insurmountable to … Within the aquarium hobby they are referred to by a variety of names … Pocillopora damicornis is a common scleractinian coral, found on tropical coral reefs throughout the Indo-Pacific region. Veron JEN. 1–3. of global geospatial bioinformatics and ecoinformatics forSymbiodinium–host symbioses. It is equally found on reef slopes and in lagoons, among mangroves and on wharves, but not in areas with strong water movement. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. [3] Although brooding of larvae occurs over most of its range, in Western Australia P. damicornis both broods planular larvae and releases gametes by broadcast spawning, while in the Eastern Pacific, only broadcast spawning takes place. Zoophytes. 1: 824 pp. Cairns, S.D. Scleractinian coral Pocillopora damicornis belongs to the family Pocilloporidae and is widely distributed in the tropical and subtropical areas of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. (2007). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. (1986). 2. It is more branched than the otherwise similar P. verrucosa. Part I. "Fluctuating algal symbiont communities in, https://sites.google.com/site/geosymbio/database, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pocillopora_damicornis&oldid=980839305, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 19:31. [1] When colonies are broken apart, chunks can become lodged on the seabed and grow into new individuals, a form of asexual reproduction by fragmentation. Vol. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.. Original Name Synonomized Catalog number Module Link to model ; Acropora cervicornis USNM 74016 ... Pocillopora damicornis USNM 93379 : Shape & Structure: View model for Pocillopora damicornis: Pocillopora grandis USNM 700 This coral is collected for the aquarium trade and in some regions, it is mined for conversion into cement. Journal of Natural History. 36(1): 1-13. Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS Anthozoa | Scleractinia | Pocilloporidae. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. (2000). [2], Cauliflower coral is native to the tropical and subtropical parts of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. (2008). ; Ocaña O.V. Colonies of Pocillopora damicornis sensus lato growing between 1 and 5 m depth were sampled by snorkeling from four regions (Djibouti, Taiwan, New Caledonia, and French Polynesia [35]) in 15 localities (Table 1). ; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W. ; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E. (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:206953), The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License, (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:206953), Linnaeus, C. (1758). High temperature tolerance experiments performed on Pocillopora damicornis, a major reef-building coral in the tropical eastern Pacific, resulted in loss of zooxanthellae, histopathological abnormalities, and mortality similar to that observed during the severe 1982–83 El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) event. It is found at depths down to about 54 m (177 ft) but is most common between 1 and 15 m (3 ft 3 in and 49 ft 3 in). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. It has been extensively studied and its reproductive modes and population genetic structures are well documented in many geographic locations. A total of 94 colonies were sampled during this survey. Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. Cauliflower Coral native habitat, distribution, behavior & aquarium compatibility. The reef-building scleractinian coral Pocillopora damicornis is widespread in the Indo-Pacific ocean and is one of the most abundant and widely distributed species in the world (Veron and Staffordsmith, 2000). Pocillopora damicornis caespitosa Dana, 1846 Pocillopora damicornis var. With such a wide range, it is one of the most abundant of corals. Like all corals, it is listed on CITES Appendix II.[1]. Distribution of hard corals was extremely poor at Mubarak Village and Sandspit, and corals were not found at Goth Abdul Rehman, Gadani (Kuchiani) and Buleji. In particular, P. damicornis has a widespread distribution in the tropical Indo-Pacific (Veron 2000), although it is also be-lieved that it actually consists of a species complex (Schmidt-Roachetal.2013,2014).IntheEasternPacific,P. (2009). In a study of the fauna of Pocillopora damicornis … (Ed.) Veron JEN. [1] It is found at depths to about 40 m (131 ft), but is most common between 5 and 20 m (16 and 66 ft), often forming dense patches. [4], Cauliflower coral contains microscopic symbiotic dinoflagellate algae (zooxanthellae) living within its tissues. Depth & Distribution. P. damicornis is found around Australia in the Great Barrier Reef, Coral Sea, Sydney, and Rottnest Island. Subcellular Investigation of Photosynthesis-Driven Carbon Assimilation in the Symbiotic Reef Coral Pocillopora damicornis. Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Which oceans and reefs it is found. Pocillopora damicornis occurs at all depths between the surface and 40 m deep or more, and is particularly abundant between 5 to 20 m. It is equally abundant in lagoonal areas and clear water reef slopes. in: Gordon, D.P. Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). P. damicornis has a global distribution, and growth form varies by location and among individual colonies. host, Pocillopora damicornis, and on char­ acteristics ofthe symbiotic algae living in this coral. Corals of the World. Franklin EC, Stat M, Pochon X, Putnam HM, Gates RD (2012) GeoSymbio: a hybrid, cloud-based web application The Cauliflower Coral (Pocillopora damicornis) is from the classification of Small Polyp Stony or SPS corals. Where Pocillopora Corals Are Found: The Pocillopora genus are distributed widely in the Red Sea, eastern Africa, Indian and Pacific Oceans. This coral has a high growth rate, which is advantageous in the competition to survive (Cunning et al., 2018). Collected by Dr. Wm. This service is powered by LifeWatch Belgium, https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886, https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862, http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm, http:// https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.307.1, To Biodiversity Heritage Library (2 publications), To Biodiversity Heritage Library (25 publications), To Biodiversity Heritage Library (35 publications), To Biodiversity Heritage Library (88 publications), To Biological Information System for Marine Life (BISMaL), To GenBank (37494 nucleotides; 52137 proteins), To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE2186wholecolony), To USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection (104 records), To USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection (302 records), To USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection (39 records). Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.. The genus Acropora comprises the most diverse and abundant scleractinian corals (Anthozoa, Cnidaria) in coral reefs, the most diverse marine ecosystems on Earth. [5] However, compared to other corals, this species is resistant to bleaching. Pocillopora damicornis is the most-studied of all corals, especially its genetics and reproductive biology. Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. 59-101. (1869). Pocillopora acuta, formerly synonymized with P. damicornis, is an ecologically important reef-building coral that exhibits mixed reproductive modes, geographic variation in clonality, and conflicting reports of population genetic structure. [2], P. damicornis is a reef-building coral, grows fast, and is a strong competitor. Habitat. Abstract. It is native to tropical and subtropical parts of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. 1-61). (2009). Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Ecomorphs of P. damicornis described by Schmidt-Roach et al. 1-2. ... Distribution. ; Wright, A.J. Where it is found on the natural reefs, the reef zone. 1-10. Pocillopora damicornis. Liu, J.Y. Dana, J.D. ( 1 ): 1-13, cauliflower coral ( Pocillopora damicornis ) beat back and forth creating Small vortices or... Are studying it because of the Indian and Pacific Oceans > 307: 1-32 and in some regions it... That environmental conditions can induce the distinctive morphology of the genus by the verrucae wart-like! Know that both salinity and temperature affect ocean currents 0 - 26 m (...., is a reef-building coral, grows fast, and dissolved nitrate concentration most-studied of all,. Acropora are unknown which both have comparably large Polyp sizes ( diameter 1–2 mm ) studying it because of Linnean. 10Th revised edition ], cauliflower coral or lace coral, grows fast, and yet population genetic are! 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