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siege of paris 885

In July of 885, a large Danish raiding force attacked Frankia. The Seige of Paris, as it came to be known, was considered a turning point for the Carolingian dynasty (a … It wasn't their intention to conquer Paris and settle there. In the meantime, Lagertha, Siegfried and Kalf arrives at th… The Siege of Paris of 885–86 was part of a Viking raid on the Seine, in the Kingdom of the West Franks. The Siege of Paris of 885-886 For those who have been watching the “Vikings” television series, Season 3 has been dominated by the Siege of Paris. Their failure to capture the city marked a turning point in French history. During the summer, the Vikings made a final attempt to take the city, but they were soon surrounded by a Frankish army led by Charles the Fat. The Vikings first demanded tribute from Count Odo the Protector of Paris, who refused. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. To the frustration of the Parisians who had fought for a long time to defend the city, Charles stopped short of attacking the Viking besiegers, and instead allowed them to sail further up the Seine to raid Burgundy (which was in revolt), as well as promising a payment of 700 livres (pounds; 257 kg). The Parisians took the chance to replenish their supplies and seek help from outside. Rather than fight, he paid the Vikings 700 pounds of silver to lift the siege and sent them off to ravage Burgundy, then in revolt against Frankish rule. Noter: Vikingerne i nyt lys, No.203 (2014). The tower was eventually captured, but by then the Vikings had moved on to pillage the surrounding countryside. "[10] Although the Franks tried to block the Vikings from sailing up the Seine, the Vikings eventually managed to reach Paris. While they tried setting fire to the bridge, they also attacked the city itself with siege engines.[18]. Siege of Paris, (November 25, 885–October 886), nearly year-long Viking siege of Paris, at the time the capital of the kingdom of the West Franks, notable as the first occasion on which the Vikings dug themselves in for a long siege rather than conduct a hit-and-run raid or fight a battle. Viking Siege of Paris, 885–886. This contribution has not yet been formally edited by Britannica. NOW 50% OFF! Another Viking leader, Rollo, stayed behind with his men. The Vikings made a final unsuccessful attempt to take the city during the summer, and in October, Charles the Fat arrived with his army. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Although the Vikings had attacked parts of Francia previously, they reached Paris for the first time in 845, eventually sacking the city. Omissions? The siege of Paris of 885–886 was part of a Viking raid on the Seine, in the Kingdom of the West Franks. Yet, he had no idea that the Franks had built the two low bridges, one of stone and the other of wood, which made it impossible for the Viki… [2] In 864, by the Edict of Pistres, bridges were ordered built across the Seine at Pîtres and in Paris, where two were built, one on each side of the Île de la Cité. They were repulsed by a mixture of hot wax and pitch. Although an eyewitness, there is general agreement among historians that Abbo's numbers are "a gross exaggeration,"[7] with Abbo being "in a class of his own as an exaggerator. The chief ruler in the region around Paris (the Île-de-France) was the duke of Francia (who was also count of Paris), who controlled the lands between the Seine and Loire. The island city was recently fortified, but the Frankish kingdom was weak and unable to defend itself properly. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free vector art that features 19th Century graphics available for quick and easy download. When Charles died in 888, the French elected Odo as their king. On the third day they set three ships alight and guided them towards the wooden bridge. The Franco Empire was attacked by vikings for the first time in 799, and eventually led Charlemagne to create a coastal defense system in the north of his territory. The siege is the subject of an eyewitness account in the Latin poem Bella Parisiacae urbis of Abbo Cernuus. It also proved to the Franks the strategic importance of Paris, at the time only a small island town. [17] Odo successfully slipped some men through Norse lines to go to Italy and plead with Charles to come to their aid. Although Paris was the capital of the West Frankish Kingdom when the Vikings arrived in 845, it was located entirely on a small island (Île de la Cité) and the population was small. Henry, Count of Saxony, Charles' chief man in Germany, marched to Paris. In 864 the Franks built bridges across the river to deter these raiding parties: two footbridges crossing the river to the city situated on the Île de la Cité. After the hated Charles was disposed in 888, and Odo, the “savior of Paris,” became king of the West Franks the following year, the city was spared from any additional Viking raids. Hooper, Nicholas A.; Bennet, Matthew (1996). The Vikings set sail towards Paris, leading behind some ships huge siege towers built by Floki to climb the walls of the city. Interested in participating in the Publishing Partner Program? [16][17] On 6 February, rains caused the river (still filled with debris) to overflow and the bridge supports gave way. The defence system successfully repulsed a Viking attack at the mouth of the Seine in 820 (after Charlemagne's death), but failed to hold against renewed attacks of Danish Vikings in Frisia and Dorestad in 834. Odo of West Francia (also known as Eudes, l. c. 856-898 CE, r. 888-898 CE) was Count of Paris and hero of the Viking Siege of Paris 885-886 CE who was shortly afterwards elected King of West Francia. They attacked Paris three times more in the 860s, leaving only when they had acquired sufficient loot or bribes. Not even the shallow Viking ships could pass Paris because of the bridges. It was led by Sigfred and Sinric, who had led raids on northeastern areas of West Frankia in previous years. [16] Henry died after he fell into the Viking ditches, where he was captured and killed. The same year, a Viking fleet sacked Hamburg, which had been elevated to an archbishopric by Pope Gregory IV in 831 on the initiative of Louis the Pious to oversee the Saxon territory and to support the introduction of Christianity to Scandinavia. One "livre d'estelin" or "livre de Charlemagne", the standard used from c. 800 to c. 1350, is equivalent to 367.1 g (Zupko 1990, p. 346). Map of Paris in the 9th century (on Île de la Cité). [2] Odo, Count of Paris prepared for the arrival of the Vikings by fortifying the bridgehead with two towers guarding each bridge. They set alight three ships to burn down the wooden bridge, weakening it enough for it to be swept away by heavy rains in February 886. [13], The Vikings arrived in Paris on 24[14][15] or 25[16] November 885, initially asking for tribute from the Franks. The great army of Vikings, possibly around a few thousand men, gathered in Rouen under the command of Siegfried the Sinric. The siege was the most important event of the reign of Charles the Fat, and a turning point in the fortunes of the Carolingian dynasty and the history of France. The Siege of Paris and the Sack of Paris of 845 was the culmination of a Viking invasion of the kingdom of the West Franks. Sometime in the autumn of 885 `seven hundred high-prowed ships and very many smaller ones’ snaked up the Seine in a column that `extended for more than two leagues [10km or 6 miles] down river’, according to Abbo of the nearby Abbey of St-Germain-des-Pre’s, an eyewitness to the event. He prepared for the arrival of the Vikings by erecting two towers to guard the bridges that were built in 864 AD. Taking advantage of this weakness, the Vikings attacked Paris again with a large fleet on November 25, 885. [16], The Vikings left a force around Paris, but many ventured further to pillage Le Mans, Chartres,[16] Evreux and into the Loire. [3], Meanwhile, West Francia suffered under a series of short-reigning kings after the death of Charles the Bald in 877. https://www.britannica.com/event/Siege-of-Paris-885-886, Weapons and Warfare - The Siege of Paris (885-6), Ancient History Encyclopedia - Viking Raids on Paris. The forces surrounded the bridgehead tower, possibly mainly aiming to bring down the river obstacle. The bridge gone, the northeast tower was now isolated with only twelve defenders inside. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Viking fleet arrived at the end of November, 885 AD. A decade later Abbo wrote an extensive Latin poem called Bella Parisiacae Urbis describing the events that unfolded at Paris in 885-886. Its strategic importance came from the ability to block ships' passage with its two low-lying foot bridges, one of wood and one of stone. The siege was the most important event of the reign of Charles the Fat, and a turning point in the fortunes of the Carolingian dynasty and the history of France. The Vikings asked for tribute again, but their demands were refused again. [2], Danish Vikings under Sigfred and Sinric[5] sailed towards West Francia again in 885, having raided the north-eastern parts of the country before. The Viking forces were led by a Danish chieftain named "Reginherus", or Ragnar, who traditionally has been identified with the legendary saga character Ragnar Lodbrok. Converted, 700. Considered by some to be the beginning of Norman power in France. Corrections? They continued this for two days. A mighty Viking fleet sailed up the Seine River and laid siege to Paris in 885. Although an eyewitness, there is general agreement among historians that Abbo's numbers are "a gross exaggera… Yet, he had no idea that the Franks had built the two low bridges, one of stone and the other of wood, which made it impossible for the Vikings’ barques to pass the towers and reach the city of Paris. The Siege of Paris of 885–86 was part of a Viking raid on the Seine, in the Kingdom of the West Franks. Odo fought his way back into Paris and Charles and Henry of Saxony marched northward. The burning ships sank before they could set the bridge on fire, but the wooden construction was nonetheless weakened. When the Danes returned in late November 885, eight years after the death … Odo then slipped through Viking-controlled territory to petition Charles for support; Charles consented. As the siege went on, most of the Vikings left Paris to pillage further upriver. He was low on men, having no more than 200 men-at-arms available (also according to Abbo Cenuus),[11] but led a joint defence with Gozlin, Bishop of Paris[4] (the first "fighting bishop" in medieval literature),[12] and had the aid of his brother, Robert, two counts and a marquis. Indignant over the defeat and ransom, Parisians refused to allow the Vikings to pass on the river on their way back, forcing them to drag their boats thousands of feet over land to an area of the river outside of town. 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