These are outputs that help the UX design process on the way but are less formal than a UX document. New month, and a new issue that has kept on making its appearance on multiple discussions that I’ve been a part of. It’s crucial that everyone be able to refer back to this shared source of truth throughout the product development cycle. Klariti is a website that offers various templates for sale for the many different document deliverables needed if you work in software, web and app development. A Functional Specification Document (FSD) is a document designed to give an overview of how a software system, mobile app or web app functions. In this role, personas have … You are quite welcome. The keyword here is “activitie… In the last section you’ll add in the UI requirements, system configuration requirements, data conversion and operational requirements — basically anything surplus to the functional specifications. (testing) Specify a need and not design. Using Justinmind, you can quickly and easily test out your product’s functionality on your users before you get to the coding stage by using it in conjunction with integrated tools such as UserTesting and Hotjar. IMPORTANT! You can break a use case down further into user scenarios and user flows that describe, using diagrams, each stage in the process of using a feature. This article is the first in a series of articles I’ll write in an effort to change that. This method is best for: Designers who need solid control over the output of their documents but do not want to tackle the learning curve provided by Adobe software packages. In short, the functional specification documentation doesn’t have too much technical language and jargon, but is more of a description of the various behaviors and solutions to a problem that needs to be solved for the user. Functional specification documents are mainly for developers, as they are going to be the ones who code your product to provide the ultimate solution for the user. But, ScreenSteps allows embedded videos and export to various formats such as HTML. Any image manipulation in a scenario like this could be done in Photoshop or InDesign. Thinking through this UX is pushing the limits of my skills, so — again — I will rely heavily on our designer to finalize the way we release this for our v0 (aka MVP, Minimum Viable Product). But in a general sense, the annotations should explain the primary functionality, but also secondary functionality such as where navigation items take the user (back buttons, next buttons), how to cancel, how to undo, etc. So who exactly writes functional specification documents? Rejoignez la communauté de ce cours pour comprendre comment offrir la meilleure expérience possible à vos utilisateurs ! There are generally three ways to create specification documents – export directly from the software, use a combination of software platforms to create higher end specifications or use specialized software designed for the task. As much as I would like to get away from updating a set of UX specifications 9 times, I really can’t because my company is regulated by the FDA. Les produits qui ne répondent pas aux exigences et aux règles contenues dans le document ne respectent pas les spécifications et sont généralement considérés comme non conformes. Subjective, vague, or undefined descriptors. Et vous voulez créer un produit que vos utilisateurs vont adorer ? Did you know that you can actually test out your functional specifications and validate them when you reach the prototype stage? One item is an open issue section. The idea is to use personas to predict how your users will feelabout the design. Specifications created this way tend to have the highest aesthetic value. Personas include personal details more descriptive than age or income. Annotated Wireframes – This is essential and one of the hardest parts of the process because it involves a lot of detail in communicating the functionality of the interface. The specification’s text, or annotations, appear in numbered sections that correspond to numbers in the adjacent drawings. Whether it's communicating to engineers, designers, or non-technical stakeholders, I can write, organize, and illustrate any sort of design documentation needed to en… Often, developers complain about messy version control in Word documents and not being able to see specifically when and where a certain change was made. UX HTML Specification – Frequency Lowering. The specification document was used by the software development team while they were developing the front end. Unfortunately, your “Axure Specifications” link is the same as your “Personal Fine Tuning” link. No stone is left unturned in the functional specifications document, meaning everyone can get on with their job and ensure that no detail is left out. Now what? Best practice tells us that generating documentation will save you time, money and possibly work relationships. On s’accorde pour dire que l’UX s’appuie aussi bien sur l’utilisabilité (la « facilité d’usage » d’une interface) que sur l’impact émotionnel ressenti. Here is an example: UX Specifications Example – Personal Fine Tuning. A functional specification is the more technical response to a matching requirements document, e.g. After your prototype is complete, you can then initiate your first round of user testing to test out you and your client’s initial assumptions, i.e. Is it possible? For the risks and assumptions part, you’ll talk about any risks that your project faces, in terms of technicalities, time and money. Here you would include anything you are proposing to create to solve a problem (sitemaps, user flows etc.). Step 3. Functional specification documents prevent unwanted design changes, sudden pivots or direction changes initiated by the client or other stakeholders. That is, our deliverables are often seen as evidence of our work and justification of our existence in an organization – despite the fact that most of our deliverables are thrown away by the time development is in its final stages. Note: You will have to enlarge the videos to full screen for the best detail. 6 min read. Developers who begin programming a software system without having this document to hand often find they have problems later on with their code. It will be the glue that holds the project together. It’s clear hierarchical numerical layout means that anyone who reads the document can easily navigate to any element within the document using the index. Joel Spolsky certainly agrees that not having a functional specification document means spending way more time on coding and producing code that’s less efficient and of a lower quality and that will make it harder to fix bugs at a later time. Most importantly, though, you can test that these features are actually usable for your main personae. Gather requirements by listening to the client and carrying out vigorous user research. Building on the first principle, make sure you use common, open and … You might even have developed a prototype and conducted a little usability testing on the fly. Thanks for reading! But, I see the documentation process as different from the design process. Remember: First impressions are lasting and you want to have a professional first impression. But, there is a fine line between giving too much detail and not enough. Think about beginning writing a novel without planning. In these flows, you should also make sure you include alternate flows and exception flows. Selling new projects It’s much more pragmatic (and realistic) to sell clients a design process than to sell them a website itself. The best coverage I have found on this topic is Dan Brown’s book, Communicating Design: Developing Web Site Documentation for Design and Planning. Here are some great examples of functional specification documentation that you can also use as templates to start writing up your own quickly and easily without having to start everything from scratch and to make life just that little bit easier. Wireframes. Functional specification documentation sounds like a mouthful, but is to a developer what a blueprint is to an architect. Non-functional specs will detail the general characteristics of a system. This document was created by meeting with the Business Analyst, Product Manager and Software Development team. By actually sitting down with members of other departments to write functional specification documents, you will be able to obtain buy-in at an early stage and make sure that everyone is onboard with the current direction. According to Smashing Magazine,you need to include activities that address business requirements, user requirements, and the best design solution to satisfy both. You bet your life it isn’t. In fact, we’ve even included a few functional specification document examples below that you can download and fill in immediately. Ces deux aspects de l’expérience utilisateur sont indispensables et indissociables pour qualifier une expérience de « bonne UX ». Here are a few samples from various UX and design documents I've created over the years. If it’s a website you’re creating, be it an ecommerce or a blog, and you’re looking for a basic template — this functional specification document template from Smartsheet is the answer. It also puts a smile on stakeholders’ faces and boosts efficiency. The two best software options are Clarify and ScreenSteps. Her team then exports their prototypes to HTML. As it is now, we have the specification (sort of) ready in the form of an "essay" or "letter" describing functional, non functional requirements, operations etc. In this article, we describe our approach to design workflow at Cleveroad. This method is best for: Those who are already familiar with Adobe and working in it to create wireframes or those proficient in Adobe and their wireframing tool who want high fidelity specifications. Here you will specify how the product will handle errors from the users’ input but also how it will behave when the user makes a “mistake” rather than merely embarking on an alternative flow. Here in the requirements module, you’ll find a comprehensive view of all the Requirements, including version histories, related components and comments. For the actual document itself, using a functional specification document template is a no-brainer. This short template comes with questions that ask you to write in the details about your planned website without any technical knowledge required. This works really well on conceptual or new projects and is less necessary on projects where there is an existing platform with similar interactions. This method is best for: Those who want to work in as few platforms as possible and do not have stringent aesthetic requirements for the output of their specs. Site maps, conceptual models, personas and the like are truly only necessary when the project is self-contained. Because prototyping tools are used before source code is written, the ability to generate documentation automatically is both useful and quick. But, I generally spend a little time in this section telling the user what I am going to show and what I will tell them in the remainder of the document. So you figured out your design, met all the requirements and managed to create an interface that not only solves the end-users’ problems, but is also aesthetically appealing. A UX specification is not just a set of wireframes. The documentation typically describes what is needed by the system user as well as requested properties of inputs and outputs (e.g. The reason for this is because it’s easier to discuss features and design the solutions of a product in plain language — and revise those ideas — than it is to do it in code. Everyone will know what they’re doing and will be operating from the same source of truth, with less back-and forth-between different departments. Style tiles are more of a graphic design deliverable than a UX document. For the sake of argument, let’s suppose you are in organization where these deliverables are expected. Judit uses the Justinmind Events system to add complex interactions allowing her to recreate a workflow based on requirements. Outlining the problem is important for me because I have found myself working on marketing projects more than once where there was no problem. Good UX design documentation is co-created, peer-reviewed and segmented. As we mentioned above, you’ll need to have some use cases ready to add in to your functional specification document. So imagine writing a piece of software into existence in code without planning! For me, it really depends on the project and what the document needs to communicate to the developers and stakeholders. The fact everyone is involved and all the stakeholder’s roles are specified, along with what is expected of each department means there are no grey areas when it comes to getting tasks done. This document describes the demanded technologies and tools to develop UI/UX design. System maps. This is why your specifications document (or documentation) is so important. Design system is a set of design-specification documents that serve as a powerful toolkit for clients’ internal design teams or third-party agencies.Design system example 1. Thanks, Paul. That’s just what one of our clients, Judit Casacuberta Bagó from Scytl does! Chapter 8 of that book is an excellent overview of the documentation process. Your functional specification documentation serves as a roadmap for your developers. Written by. This will be our first experience with proper UX design(er). Bienvenue dans ce cours d'UX design ! It helps you to define how a piece of software will function and how it will behave when the user provides it with certain inputs, or when certain conditions arise out of a specific situation. They describe how exactly the features laid out are going to solve certain problems for the users. So for the benefit of everyone’s stress levels, it’s best to create a well-thought out functional specification document! I really enjoyed what you wrote. These explain the rationale for each feature and provide some context as to how the feature should work. You'll want to make sure each member of your team pours over the UI Spec. In summary, your specifications documents, the detail therein and how they look are all important aspects in communicating your designs. Les spécifications fonctionnelles détaillées relèvent des techniques de conception UX design. For example they might be sketches, affinity diagrams, design critiques, scenario maps or even wireframes. Here you’ll list out in detail the steps required to configure the future product. Learn more about how to create user flows in Justinmind with our tutorial on the Scenarios module. Did you know that you can create your own functional specification document template with Justinmind? When it comes to requirements generation and functional specification documentation, you can also use a prototyping tool, such as Justinmind. Every UX project has its own unique requirements, and research is used to determine what they are. Communicating design is a critical part of the entire design process and often where things go wrong. I’ll go into detail as to what my process is in a future post. We’ll start with the most telling of user documentation: the persona. “. There are different ways you can do this. Maintain consistently across the document. ScreenSteps has an online version and a desktop version. I was hoping to find a good example of Axure with a comments table. An exception flow would be where the user navigates to the wrong part of the app, such as the “reserve new vehicle section”. The 4 essentials are a title page, an introduction to the feature, annotated wireframes and a version history. There’s also the case that it’s far easier to keep changes to a document synced in the cloud using a Google Doc. UX Map was created as an alternative to functional specification documents that are disjointed from design. Functional specification documents are designed in such a way that they inform developers what they have to build and why. It’s a simple overview. Versioning – Always document the version and what has changed in each version with a detailed list. However, most of the time there will be some scope for further future iterations of the product in the form of features, new versions and updates. But, the UX profession has not been very good at documenting how we handle documentation. Klariti’s 27-page functional specification document template comes in MS Word format. Documentation is a very good tool in this regard. But, many organizations rely on these documents as part of a formal or even regulatory process. There isn’t a clear directive on this one. The Klariti template lets you enter in specifications for functions involving data manipulation, data processing, calculations, conditions and more. Why should stakeholders, the company, and the users care about moving forward with your idea? From there, all you need to do is edit each field to include the relevant information from your own project. This is always a tricky topic because everyone has their favorite software and tools to use in creating UX specifications. These templates already come with a table of contents and many come with all of the sections and headers you will need. It also has a section prompting you to sketch out the information architecture, along with how the features of the website should behave, as well other useful sections such as competitors’ websites. But, it doesn’t give you much in the way of tools in putting these documents together. Get the latest news from the world of UX design Take a look, developers complain about messy version control, tutorial about creating specifications templates with MS Word, functional specification document template from Stanford University, functional specification document template from Smartsheet, functional specification document from the Project Management Institute, Klariti’s 27-page functional specification document, functional specification document template by Almooc, The top 3 traits all UX Designers should practice, 8 tips for designing an effective website, Practical Tips for Creating Smooth Website Navigation Experience, Understanding the potential of wireframes, 2021 UI/UX Design Trends and How To Make Them Work For You, Tips for a Successful UX Design Interview. 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