3. The fullest biblical description of the church, the body of Christ, is in 1 Corinthians. Beneath the various surface-level distinguishing marks of Christian people, the global church is called to clothe itself with love toward one another and toward the world. 2 Corinthians 5. F. Theme. Following on from that passage, some would point to 1 Corinthians 14:33-35 as another passage supporting the claim that women should be silent when the church gathers together. Because Christ is the center point of all human history, we see Paul connecting both the Old Testament past and his own present ministry to Christ himself. The book of 2 Corinthians is quite relevant today, especially for those who feel called to Christian ministry. The Corinthian church was corroded with sin on a variety of fronts, so Paul provided an important Theme verse in 1 Corinthians “So, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.” (1 Co 10:31 ESV) Why 1 Corinthians was written. Obviously Paul was personally concerned with the Corinthians’ problems, revealing … Verse: Theme: 2 Cor. The cross is where life begins, where unity starts and peace envelops. Home >> Bible Studies >> 1 Corinthians >> 1 Corinthians 9:1-18 These small group studies of 1 Corinthians contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. Themes in 2 Corinthians . His first purpose was to deal with several moral problems and the divisions that had formed as people had divided into fan-clubs and were proclaiming themselves followers of Paul, Apollos, Peter or Christ (1:10). 4. You are not your own; you were bought at a price. Indeed, some body parts that appear least important are in fact crucial to the proper functioning of the body (1 Cor. Containing sixteen chapters dealing with a wide variety of topics, the first topic mentioned is that of divisions within the church. Love. In other words, both women and men come from God (Gen. 1:26–27) even though the man was created first and the woman was taken from him (Gen. 2). But if anyone has the world’s goods and sees his brother in need, yet closes his heart against him, how does God’s love abide in him? (1 John 3:16–18). 2 Corinthians 11. He also created us to be connected to friends (philos)—to live in community. The Principle of the Spirit of God. Yet Paul’s lack of worldly impressiveness was precisely what unlocked the power of the Spirit in his life and through his ministry. Only 1 and 2 Corinthians have survived. Paul’s purpose in writing this letter to the church in Corinth was to address and correct the immorality and divisions that had arisen among them. Taken together, the three comparisons in 1 Corinthians 11:3 are representative of Paul’s recurring theme of mutuality. He wrote them this letter so that they would become a true dwelling place for God’s Spirit (3:12, 16), stay faithful to the gospel, and be “guiltless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ” (1:8). The correction Paul gives is not to question their salvation, but to challenge them in their sanctification. A lack of genuine love was clearly an undercurrent in the Corinthian church, creating disorder in worship and misuse of spiritual gifts . By the time of writing 2 Corinthians a year has passed, and the Macedonians have been faithful in generosity. The heart of the problem in the church at Corinth was that the world was influencing them rather than they influencing the world. This is contrary to the cross of Christ, where God turned the world’s wisdom upside down by providing salvation through a crucified man rather than a conquering king. This was near the end of his three-year ministry in Ephesus. The way such common faith is expressed may be quite different culturally or in other ways, but the beauty of the body of Christ will be seen in a single, unitive, though diversely expressed, love for Christ. Using the words of Paul, this theme is, "Fleeing from Sin." But, at least now we understand the background of the letter, and next time we can get into the themes. Paul’s purposes for writing the Corinthians were several. Nine of these book are letters to local churches (like the one in Corinth). It is some of the same scriptures as last week, however there is … Wisdom. Combining letters around a similar theme is not surprising, but it is also not necessary to understand the overall theme of the whole letter: the need for reconciliation between Paul and the church. 1 Corinthians 15:19, ESV: "If in Christ we have hope in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied." 1 Cor. First, Paul must deal with the damage in his relationship the Corinthian church (2 Corinthians 1-7). Yet both are less important than personal trust in the gospel and living in the way God commands (, The bodily resurrection of Jesus (and of his followers) from the dead is a key truth of the Christian faith (, Introduction to the Letter’s Main Themes (, A Report of Sexual Immorality and Lawsuits (, Three Issues from the Corinthians’ Letter (, The Futility of Faith If the Dead Are Not Raised (, The Collection for the Saints and Travel Plans (. Paul then tells the Corinthians that he is going to send Titus to them so that they too can excel in this act of grace. Therefore honor God with your body.” 1 Corinthians 10:31: “So whether you eat or drink or whatever you do, do it all for the glory of God.” 2 Corinthians - NT Chapter Themes. They should repent of their rivalries, build up the faith of those who are weak, and witness effectively to unbelievers. The letter revolves around the theme of problems in Christian conduct in the church. Of the 27 New Testament books, Paul wrote 13. The body of Christ. Little children, let us not love in word or talk but in deed and in truth. In the last article, I shared some thoughts in regards to the ever-debated passage of 1 Timothy 2:8-15. The first half of the book details the duties and privileges of a leader. Basically 1 Corinthians deals with abuses of liberty (just as Galatians deals with the stifling of the Spirit because of legalism). Brief Outline (adapted from Dextor Sammons) Paul speaks in the opening chapters of 1 Corinthians of the folly of human wisdom—that is, worldly patterns of thinking that exalt human competency and cleverness. Indeed, for Paul, because Christ has come we are now those “on whom the end of the ages has come” (1 Cor. The passage is as follows: 33 For God is… Paul places his letter to the Corinthian church against the backdrop of the massive sweep of world history. The key personalities of this book are the Apostle Paul, Timothy and also Chloe’s household. c. they should conduct worship services in such a way that unbelievers might come to faith (14:16, 23–25). As Paul puts it, “Jews demand signs and Greeks seek wisdom, but we preach Christ crucified, a stumbling block to Jews and folly to Gentiles” (1 Cor. The Light of the Gospel. The Corinthians themselves are part of that history. Paul tells us in chapters 12–14 that all the various members of the Christian church—whatever their particular gifts, whatever their particular location—are part of Christ’s own body. (1 Cor. Agapē is the word for love used in 1 Corinthians 13. The longest of the letters written to the church at Corinth is known in the New Testament as 1 Corinthians. 1 Corinthians 15:19, KJV: "If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable." 2 Corinthians 4. Paul testifies to the fundamental basis for a personal conviction of the truthfulness of the gospel and the church of Christ. We are to be salt and light to a lost world (Matt. d. their corporate worship should use spiritual gifts not out of personal pride, or for evaluating who has the better gift, but to build up the church (11:2–16; 12:12–30; 14:1–35). The dominant themes of the epistle reflect doctrinal and other problems experienced by this early church group that might be categorized as follows: I. a. they should be sensitive to those with fragile faith (8:1–9:18; 10:28, 33). DATE: First Corinthians was written in A.D. 59, at the close of Paul's three year's residence in Ephesus. In the world, but not of the world. Altogether Paul wrote four letters to this church: (1) the previous letter mentioned in 1 Corinthians 5:9; (2) 1 Corinthians; (3) the tearful, severe letter mentioned in 2 Corinthians 2:3–4; and (4) 2 Corinthians. In 1 Corinthians 16:1-4, Paul encourages the Corinthians to take a collection each week for the saints in Jerusalem. 1:22–23). b. they should win unbelievers to the faith (9:19–23; 10:27, 32–33). Your body is destined to be raised (1 Corinthians 6:14) Your body is a member of Christ (1 Corinthians 6:15-17) Your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit (1 Corinthians 6:18-19) Your body was purchased at a price (1 Corinthians 6:20) Your body is made for the royal purpose of glorifying God (1 Corinthians 6:20) You have a wrong view of sex Second Corinthians is the third of Paul’s letters. All of God’s divine provision for his people foreshadows, and is fulfilled in, Jesus Christ. It is one individual organism made up of many different parts that serve a wide variety of functions. In his final prayer for the church, Christ prayed above all for unity among the generations of believers who would follow the apostles (John 17:20–21). Main Theme and Purpose of 1 Corinthians. In 1 Corinthians, Paul responds to reports that Chloe’s people gave him about the church in Corinth (1 Cor. Acts 20:31; 1 Corinthians 16:5-8. How should a Christian in the local church behave? Corinth benefited both militarily and economically from its strategic location at one end of the isthmus that connected the southern Greek peninsula to the mainland. JMikeA. Proper Worship - An overarching theme in 1 Corinthians is the need for true Christian love that will settle lawsuits and conflicts between brothers. The gospel addresses every culture around the world at the very point where it believes itself to be strongest, and offers Christ instead as an alternate source of wisdom (1:28–31). First Corinthians contains a frank discussion of the church and the issues that impacted real people in the first century. God created sexual love (eros) to be expressed in marriage between husbands and wives. Paul wrote 1 Corinthians during his third missionary journey, near the end of his three-year ministry in Ephesus (Acts 19:21–22). Instead of reference to the Son of man, 1 Corinthians refers to the Messiah (Christ). Universal Themes in 1 Corinthians. The church did not receive the letter of 1 Corinthians well and Paul’s attempts to deal with the tensions … For this reason, when Paul came to preach to them, they disrespected him due to his lack of style and eloquence (2:1–5; 4:1–7). Across the globe, this remains the crying need of preaching, regardless of the cultural garb in which the preaching is clothed: the church must proclaim the gospel in the power of the Holy Spirit, not in human wisdom, so that the faith of the hearers “might not rest in the wisdom of men but in the power of God” (2:5). Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. Paul received an oral report and a letter from the Corinthian church. 2 Corinthians 3. Book Summary The book opens with comfort and ends in comfort, in-between we have much of Paul’s testimony, how he was battered, shipwrecked, persecuted and stripped. Both Corinth and Ephesus were wealthy port cities steeped in pagan idolatry and philosophy. The Corinthian church was infected with a view of life that focused on worldly glory, human triumph, eloquent speech, and natural strength (e.g., 1 Cor. New Covenant. Turn back to Exodus 12. Something very real that our society faces today is that sometimes people who claim to be believers don’t necessarily behave in accordance to that, which is a reminder that we are all prone to sin. 2 Corinthians 4. 15:21–22), and all the way forward to the future return of Jesus (15:23–24). The folly of human wisdom. 1 Corinthians Author and Date. All those functions matter. This is contrary to the cross of Christ, where God turned the world’s wisdom upside down by providing salvation through a crucified man rather than a conquering king. Paul wrote 1 Corinthians (1 Cor . Aflame with compassion and spiritual concern for “the church of God at Corinth” (1:1), he “had in his mind’s eye a vision of the folk to whom he was writing, and he was pouring out his heart to them in words that fell over each other in his eagerness to help.” 1. 1 Corinthians 11:17-34: This passage contains the very well-known description of the communion service that is often used to introduce the Lord’s Supper in churches still today all around the world. This is the next theme of I Corinthians, which I am giving today because it fits so nicely. 1 Corinthians 15:19 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Corinthians 15:19, NIV: "If only for this life we have hope in Christ, we are of all people most to be pitied." The Corinthians were not only in the world but also of it, whereas Christ calls believers to be in the world but not of it (John 17:14–19). 1:10–17; 3:1–8, 21–23). 5 Terms. That is what Paul preached, Jesus crucified for that is the power of the gospel. 1:3-4 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and the God of all consolation, who consoles us in all our affliction, so that we may be able to console those who are in any affliction with the consolation with which we ourselves are consoled by God.. Our experience of adversity and suffering can be a resource for others. Yet Paul also makes the surprising statement that the rock from which Israel drank was Christ himself (10:4). There is much for the global church today to learn from this important letter. The Ministry of Reconciliation. What is the theme for:... 1 Corinthians 2. Today, then, we live as those “on whom the end of the ages has come.” We live mindful of Christ and the supreme provision God has worked out for us in him, freely available to all those around the world who will forsake worldly ways of thought and life and trust in him. 10:11). New Covenant. In the opening chapters especially, Paul reminds the Corinthians that the wisdom of God is foolishness to the world, and the wisdom of the world is foolishness to God. 1 Corinthians refers to Christ's death, burial, resurrection, and appearance. And the significance of the various parts of the body ought not to be underestimated. Paul tells us of his sufferings, … Paul addressed important issues in the church concerning spiritual gifts, the rapture, the resurrection, wisdom from God and church problems. Christians should build up the church in four practical ways: Sexual relations form a union between man and woman as deep as the union of the believer with Christ. The church is the dwelling place of God’s Spirit. To say that agape love is the highest form of love is not to say other kinds of love are insignificant or trivial. 3 LIFE TRUTHS. The Corinthian church, divided because of the arrogance of its more powerful members, should work together for the advancement of the gospel. THEME: The subjects treated are various, but may all be classified under the general theme, Christian conduct. 12:1–2). I do not have any time to get into the themes today. The power of the Spirit. Paul speaks in the opening chapters of 1 Corinthians of the folly of human wisdom—that is, worldly patterns of thinking that exalt human competency and cleverness. Indeed, love is definitive of Christian living (1 John 4:7–12). The apostle Paul wrote this letter to the Corinthian church in the spring of a.d. 53, 54, or 55. 5:13–16). This is deeply offensive to the heart of God, and it is also confusing to nonbelievers as they wonder why Christians don’t “practice what they preach.” The global church is called, now as much as at any other time in history, to labor for unity—never by compromising doctrinal truth, but rather by celebrating our common fellowship in the family of God wherever genuine faith in Christ is exercised. It’s as you say — 1 Corinthians is an address on how to live as people of God, as believers. 1–4, 1 Cor. The Christian church is like a human body. The Light of the Gospel. 12–14.) 1:4-7 I give thanks to my God always for you because of the grace of God that has been given you in Christ Jesus, for in every way you have been enriched in him, in speech and knowledge of every kind — just as the testimony of Christ has been strengthened among you — so that you are not lacking in any spiritual gift as you wait for the revealing of our Lord Jesus Christ. Christians around the globe today are called to live in faithful presence among their unbelieving neighbors, influencing them with the love of Christ rather than being infected by worldly patterns of thinking (Rom. These revealed a church struggling with division, immorality, idolatry, and theological confusion. 2 Corinthians 3. 1 … Global unity. His second reason was to deal with several questions that had been asked in a letter the Corinthians had sent to him (7:1). Thus, the people who make up the church should work for unity by building each other up (. 1… Across cultures, classes, languages, and borders, nothing is more central to the Christian life than love. THEME: 1 Corinthians 1:10 "Now I plead with you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you, but that you be perfectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment." To a church facing many problems, Paul writes of God’s empowering grace and the need to know Christ alone and him crucified. Yet the situation in Corinth was a mess of dissension and factions (1 Cor. 12:22–25). Such love, moreover, will be more than words; it will also be actions: By this we know love, that he laid down his life for us, and we ought to lay down our lives for the brothers. It thus has to do with progressive sanctification, the continuing development of a holy character. His preaching was effective not because of any words of human wisdom but because it involved a “demonstration of the Spirit and of power” (2:4). First Corinthians 12:12–31 continues Paul's teaching on the spiritual gifts as they cooperate to empower God's will for the church. The epistle is also a tremendous source of hope and encouragement for … Paul’s vision in 1 Corinthians stretches all the way back to the first man, Adam (1 Cor. The folly of human wisdom. They should repent of their rivalries, build up the faith of those who are weak, and witness effectively to unbelievers. We were here last week, but it is good to do it again. Therefore sexual activity should be confined to marriage (, Baptism and the Lord’s Supper are important. Down through history and around the world such disunity has often plagued God’s people. 8:1; 13:1–14:1; 16:14). Paul is acknowledged as the author both by the letter itself (1:1-2; … Even the tremendous revelation of the truth concerning resurrection is made to bear upon that theme 1 Corinthians 15:58. The main way unity of faith will be seen is through love (1 Cor. The Corinthian church, divided because of the arrogance of its more powerful members, should work together for the advancement of the gospel. 16:5 –9 with Acts 19:21–22). 4:7–20). 1:1) “to the church of God that is in Corinth” (1:2) from Ephesus (16:8), probably near the end of his ministry there early in AD 55 (cf. 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