Before, during, or after reading, distinguish the “fact” from “fiction” in the rhyme. The Barbouri Seahorse is highly desirable among enthusiasts as it magnificently exemplifies the “classic” seahorse design. Zebras and asses diverged from each other close to 2.8 mya and zebra ancestors entered Africa around 2.3 mya. Zebra Seahorse, Hippocampus zebra Whitley, 1964. I will be publishing the findings from my thesis in the scientific literature in the coming months so keep … 25/01/19. Species Hippocampus zosterae little seahorse. Zebroids are usually infertile and may suffer from dwarfism. The Zebra Snail is a herbivore, scraping algae off rocks with its raspy tongue or radula.  Diagnostic traits of the zebra skull include: its relatively small size with a straight profile, more projected eye sockets, narrower rostrum, reduced postorbital bar, a V-shaped groove separating the metaconid and metastylid of the teeth and both halves of the enamel wall being rounded. However, this happens at three weeks of development for the plains zebra, four weeks for the mountain zebra, and five for Grévy's zebra.  Zebra meat was mainly eaten by European colonisers; among African cultures only the San are known to eat it regularly. Notable zebra art includes Christopher Wood's Zebra and Parachute, Lucian Freud's The Painter's Room and Quince on a Blue Table and the various paintings of Mary Fedden and Sidney Nolan. Mar 13, 2019 - This place is for sharing your Seahorses photos or to enjoy Seahorses pictures posted by underwater photographers and scuba divers. They are depicted in rock art in Southern Africa dating from 28,000 to 20,000 years ago, though not as commonly as antelope species like eland.  With smaller predators like hyenas and dogs, zebras may act more aggressively, especially in defense of their young. Seahorses are part of the family syngnathidae (pronounced sing-nath-i-dee), which means ‘fused jaw’. All seahorses belong to the genus ‘Hippocampus’. †E. Additionally, they must be comfortable in smaller spaces and able to saunter through crowded city streets on a leash — or in a bag — without freaking out. , When meeting for the first time, or after they have separated, individuals may greet each other by rubbing and sniffing their noses followed by rubbing their cheeks, moving their noses along their bodies and sniffing each other's genitals. , Zebras produce a number of vocalisations and noises. In general, most predatory fish that patrol shallow water environments will eat a seahorse if given the opportunity.  The quagga had brown and white stripes on the head and neck, brown upper parts and a white belly, tail and legs..  Oestrus in female zebras lasts five to ten days; physical signs include frequent urination, flowing mucus, and swollen, everted (inside out) labia. They range from black, grey, brown, and green, to orange, red, and yellow and can camouflage themselves to blend into their environment. This “dance” can last for several days where the males and females follow a similar swimming pattern. , Young or foals are born with brown and white coats, and the brown darkens with age.  The call of the Grévy's zebra has been described as "something like a hippo's grunt combined with a donkey's wheeze", while the mountain zebra is relatively silent. Leopards, cheetahs, spotted hyenas, brown hyenas and wild dogs pose less of a threat to adults. Grooming usually occurs between mothers and foals and between stallions and mares. And that’s just the beginning of ways seahorses are completely unique in the animal kingdom!”. (as Hippocampus montebelloensis and H. zebra) Lourie, S.A., Pollom, R.A. & Foster, S.J. Big-belly seahorse Hippocampus agnesae: Fowler, 1907: Hippocampus abdominalis: Syngnathidae: Big-belly seahorse Hippocampus alatus: Kuiter, 2001: Hippocampus alatus: Syngnathidae: Winged seahorse Hippocampus algiricus: Kaup, 1856: Hippocampus algiricus: Syngnathidae: West African seahorse Hippocampus angustus: Günther, 1870: Hippocampus angustus: Syngnathidae , Fights between males usually occur over mates and involve biting and kicking. , Non-African equines that may have been basal to zebras include E. sansaniensis of Eurasia (circa 2.5 mya) and E. namadicus (circa 2.5 mya) and E. sivalensis (circa 2.0 mya) of the Indian subcontinent. The ... Help us save the seahorse and the coral reefs they live in with a tax deductible contribution to the Seahorse Hawaii Foundation. Loud snorting in zebras is associated with alarm. Stallions form and expand their harems by recruiting young mares from their natal (birth) harems. The giant seahorse (sometimes called the Pacific seahorse) reaches similar lengths and has been measured at up to a foot in length. Seahorses are generally small animals averaging around 10cm in height although this is dependent on the species. They have evolved some interesting adaptations to life in the sea. Full name: short-snouted seahorse ©2004-2019 Universal Taxonomic Services. Found from Tanzania down to South Africa, the giraffe seahorse lives across Africa’s coast in waters ranging to 45 meters of depth.  The extinct quagga was originally classified as a distinct species.  The film Racing Stripes features a captive zebra ostracised from the horses and ending up being ridden by a rebellious girl. The sea horse is best known for the remarkable fact that the male seahorse is the one that actually carries the eggs before they hatch. APPEARANCE: The lined seahorse grows up to eight inches in length. Grooming shows social status and eases aggressive behaviour. , Fertile hybrids have been reported in the wild between plains and Grévy's zebra. , In all species, excess males gather in bachelor groups. The zebra seahorse (Hippocampus zebra) is a species of fish in the Syngnathidae family. So which breeds fit these needs? , Zebras are preyed on mainly by lions. Groups of lactating females are able to remain in groups with nonlactating ones and usually gather at foraging areas. Pin Seahorses images only and respect copyright. More on author: Whitley. A territorial Grévy's zebra stallion may tolerate non-territorial bachelors who wander in their territory, however when a mare in oestrous is present the territorial stallion keeps other stallions at bay. Nevertheless, zebras can be found in numerous protected areas.  The Cape mountain zebra, a subspecies of mountain zebra, was driven to near extinction by hunting and habitat loss with less than 50 individuals by the 1950s. This is a black, white stripe horse. Unfortunately, many of the best beachcombing sites tend to far from the popular beaches in The Turks and Caicos. It is possible that having evolved under pressure from the many large predators of Africa, including early humans, they became more aggressive, thus making domestication more difficult. Animalia: information (1) ... Family Syngnathidae Pipefishes and seahorses. Facebook.  A newborn zebra will follow anything that moves, so new mothers prevent others from approaching their foals while imprinting their own striping pattern, scent and vocalisation on them.  Later genetic studies have placed it as the same species as the plains zebra, either a subspecies or just the southernmost population. Hippocampus abdominalis got its' name from its' most distinct feature that separates it from other seahorses.  A 2017 mitochondrial DNA study placed the Eurasian E. ovodovi and the subgenus Sussemionus lineage as closer to zebras than to asses. Good candidates can’t be frequent, loud barkers that drive the neighbors mad. Hippocampus zebra Zebra seahorse. After the first use of a full name, the genus name is abbreviated using only the first letter of the genus (e.g., F. catus). , Zebras are classified in the genus Equus (known as equines) along with horses and asses. Their elongated, slender legs end in a single spade-shaped toe covered in a hard hoof. There are currently about 120 various scientific names in use for various seahorses, but many are synonyms. The Barbouri Seahorse is highly desirable among enthusiasts as it magnificently exemplifies the “classic” seahorse design.  The zebra can reach a speed of 68.4 km/h (42.5 mph) compared to 57.6 km/h (35.8 mph) for the lion, but maximum acceleration is respectively 18 km/h (11 mph) and 34.2 km/h (21.3 mph). Cultured specimens range from pale yellow to a brilliant red-orange, often further adorned with reddish brown spots and lines. It prefers living near soft corals. The maximum reported depth is 69 m. It is ovoviviparous, the male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is situated under the tail. Human intervention has fragmented zebra ranges and populations. Though primarily carnivorous, seahorses will occasionally feed on plants such as algae and seaweed. Zebras have become staples in children's stories and wildlife-themed art, such as depictions of Noah's Ark.  Albino zebras have been recorded in the forests of Mount Kenya, with the dark stripes being blonde. Zebras communicate with various vocalisations, body postures and facial expressions. The species has a long snout and one of the most distributed ranges of all seahorses. IDENTIFY THE SIX STAGES OF A SEAHORSE’S LIFE CYCLE. , Zebras have been popular subjects for paintings, particularly for abstract, modernist and surrealist artists. The difference in timing is thought to be responsible for the differences in the striping patterns of the different species. 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