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environmental sustainability challenges and solutions

IBM Watson technology is being deployed in Africa to help develop a range of commercial solutions for economic development. Examples of IBM solutions that are advancing sustainability follow. Water is one of the world's most abundant natural resources but it is also fast becoming one of the most stressed. Such an intense global warming could have damaged the biosphere in the mass extinction at the Cretaceous–Paleogene (K–P) boundary. Response surface methodology (RSM) was attempted to develop a statistical model with a significant coefficient of determination (R2 = 0.89847), followed by model optimization using Genetic Algorithm (GA). THE CAUSES OF MASS EXTINCTIONS: HOW CAN WE BETTER UNDERSTAND HOW, WHY AND WHEN ECOSYSTEMS COLLAPSE? The following are some of the environmental challenges (focus areas) that can be addressed through innovative solutions: Pollution, including indoor air pollution energy insecurity food insecurity loss of biodiversity Waste The review also highlights the mechanisms involved in the production of secondary metabolites by HT-PGPR in saline conditions. Climate change has been challenging various terres, http://clima tica.org.uk/deser tific ation -land-degra datio, ). Home » Blog » Environmental & Global Sustainability Issues The rise of technological advancements and industrialization not only gave rise to our modern civilization, but it also gave rise to a wide range of environmental issues and global challenges. Whereas the actual costs of remediation of natural, ). Located in Nairobi, Kenya, it is the first commercial technology research facility in Africa. remain diverse and produce everything it needs for the ecology to remain in balance One of the central sustainability challenges of our time is how to achieve food security for a population anticipated to exceed nine billion by 2050 while minimizing further environmental degradation. 3. Building upon a successful irrigation model and other water conservation measures already in place, the Flint River Partnership is using IBM's Deep Thunder™ precision weather forecasting to help farmers make more informed irrigation scheduling decisions. Those interested to contribute a chapter can contact at nkarora.bbau@gmail.com Many solutions to sustainability challenges involve technology, and often the goal of technological answers is finding artificial substitutions for natural capital (what Ayres [2007] called “weak sustainability”). In another, ) application of microbial bio-sorbents is used as a, ). With this intelligence, power companies can optimize grid performance, prevent outages, restore outages faster and allow consumers to manage energy usage right down to the individual networked appliance. There is growing evidence that large igneous province eruptions might be the driver of proximal kill mechanisms, but the link between those phenomena is still not well understood. Potassium-solubilising bacteria (KSB) play a vital role in solubilising fixed potassium and making it accessible to plants. Following are some of the most common solutions to the environmental issue: Replace disposal items with reusable items. Thus, organic and inorganic amendments with matched macronutrients could have a similar impact on crop yields. the Conference, notably urban sustainability, food and nutrition security and access to modern energy services for all. Rhizoremediation is a low cost, rapid and effi, ). RSM-GA based optimization approach predicted that the combination of yeast extract, dextrose, starch and ammonium carbonate at concentrations 0.99, 0.8, 0.1, and 0.05 g/100 ml respectively, has resulted in 3.6 folds increase in COD production (5.41 U/ml) in comparison with the un-optimized medium (1.5 U/ml). Hence, these strains could be halotolerant KSB bioinoculants that can be used to protect plants against salt stress. It can extract and store information from millions of interconnected sensors. The application of these KSB strains significantly improved the shoot length, fresh weight, dry weight and chlorophyll contents of paddy plants grown under saline conditions. Energy, water and sanitation, agriculture and human mobility are all critical aspects for economic and societal development. Environmental goals addressed in CodeNEXT include: Promoting Water Stewardship Encouraging … The study assessed the extent of farmers’ vulnerability to environmental change in the semi-arid region of Nigeria. Moreover, it also enhanced the Zn contents in the shoots and grains of wheat by up to 29.1 and 16.5%, respectively, over absolute control, under saline conditions. Every water-related event is critical and can impact businesses, agriculture, and citizens' daily lives. It was noted from the study that bioformulations amended with biosurfactant (singly or in combination with BSP9) resulted in enhancement in the growth parameters of B. juncea as compared to untreated control. Global warming is also responsible for decreasing, ) reported that climate change has impact on infec, release subsequently resulting in loss of, ). The availability of infrastructural facilities which drives economic growth in the study area, enhance the coping capacity of the farmers to environmental change. It integrates pre-computed retail data with geo-coded public health data to allow investigators to see the distribution of suspect foods and, selecting an area of the map, view public health case reports and lab reports from clinical encounters. AZ6-augmented ZnO (BAZ). A detailed catalog of functional genes and soil microorganisms does not yet exist for any soil. Moreover, understanding the physiological processes and evolutionary dynamics that influence metabolic demand for these important micronutrients has significant implications in terms of nutrient acquisition and, in microbial organisms, can affect community composition and metabolic exchange between coexisting species. Overall, this chapter provides thoughts related to the soil metagenomics, its importance, and conventional methods of analysis, along with prospects and challenges of soil metagenomics. Fluctuation in composition and diversity of bacterial community was further supplemented by plant phenological stages. By setting and adjusting thresholds at key points, engineers can ensure that supply meets their expected goals. IBM is actively working to help change that through two new initiatives. IBM is also focused on helping address food-related crises after they occur. The presence of the Vicia faba plant increased the abundance of N fixing bacterial such as Bardyrhizobium, Microvirga (Rhizobiales), Arthrobacter, and Psuedoarthrobacter (Actinomycetales) in soil. 4. Zinc (Zn) availability is limited in salt-affected soils due to high soil pH and calcium concentrations causing Zn fixation. Anthropogenic activities coupled with rapid pace of climate change are the key drivers of soil salinity resulting in degradation of agricultural lands. Further, fertilizer treatments did not have a stronger effect on plant production as compared to the effect on microbial community, which highlights that organic fertilizers did not tend to increase plant production. 2016 EDB National Economics Short Film Competition - Meridian Junior College [Circular Economy] Sustainability has become an integral aspect of contemporary architectural design. One example: Cities are “systems of systems”—with separate but interconnected challenges. Microbiol, https ://www.pbl.nl/en/publi catio ns/2010/Re, https ://doi.org/10.1787/97892 64251 724-en, (Oligochaeta) following application of three, (L.) DC. Emergency management offers geospatial intelligence and analytics to provide a central point of command for emergency management. Low rainfall and high temperature in arid and semiarid regions lead to the development of secondary salinisation, thus making the problem more severe. The review also highlights the mechanisms involved in the production of secondary metabolites by HT-PGPR in saline conditions. Each domain draws upon engineers, natural and social scientists, designers, and arts & humanities to understand and address critical challenges. Pollutants such as polyaromatic hydrocarbon, ). Now that we’ve entered 2017, the team at Corporate Citizenship have been busy thinking what sustainability challenges face business for the year ahead. E. coli is first genetically engineered to heterologously express the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway from plants. This sandstone complex, commonly interpreted as impact tsunami deposits of K-T boundary age, was deposited during climate cooling, low sea level, and intensified currents, leading to erosion of nearshore areas (including Chicxulub impact spherules), transport, and redeposition via submarine channels into deeper waters. By modeling weather events, the Netherlands can determine the best course of action, including storing water, diverting it from low-lying areas, and avoiding salt-water intrusion into drinking water, sewage overflows, and water contamination. Click for larger version. Therefore, the current study suggests the application of BAZ-coated urea for enhancing wheat's physiology, antioxidant system, nutrient efficiency, and productivity effectively and economically. Growing populations can strain the supply of clean water, while changing weather patterns challenge our ability to sustain agriculture through droughts or to prevent floods during storms. The results suggest that an intense (2–5 °C) global warming would have lasted for several years after a Chicxulub-size impact mainly due to the greenhouse effect of tropospheric O3, which is produced via photochemical reactions associated with CO gas. Serious challenges, across all various sectors, continue to stare Zimbabwe in the face; a collapsed economy, soaring hyperinflation, divisions and internal strife, poor institutional governance structures, throngs of environmental challenges etc. Microorganisms can be the magic bullets for reclamation of wastelands/ stress affected regions, bioremediation of contaminated habitats and biodegradation purposes. Amended fuels like biodiesel-diesel blends and etha-, ). One example is IBM's initiatives to help Africa tackle these challenges. Solutions to Environmental Issues. Insect resistant Bt crops such as Bt maize and, Biological market share of agrochemicals (, ). Thirteen KSB strains, positive for all tested PGP traits, were evaluated for potassium solubilisation under sodium stress, namely, 0%, 3%, 5% and 7% NaCl stress. Indeed, some of the solutions we propose below involve this kind of technological substitution, and such substitutions are possible for most agricultural commodities. Built in partnership with cities, these new Smarter Cities Management Centers for transportation, water and emergency management bring together IBM's portfolio of leading Intelligent Operations software, IBM Global Business Services expertise, and IBM's broad analytics capabilities. before the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary. UV11 dyes, Fundamental shift in vitamin B12 eco-physiology of a model alga demonstrated by experimental evolution, Development of Bioformulation for Sustainable Agriculture, Microorganisms for Sustainability (Book Series Springer): http://www.springer.com/series/14379, Secondary metabolites from fluorescent pseudomonads (FLPs). Bangalore's massive population growth—from 5.4 million in 2000 to over 10 million and counting has put tremendous strain on the city's water supply and distribution systems. strain P45 protects sunflowers seedlings from, L.) plant assisted with bacterial consortium and fertilizer, https ://weath er.com/scien ce/envir onmen. before the mass extinction) based on the stratigraphically oldest impact spherule layer in NE Mexico, Texas, and Yucatan crater core Yaxcopoil-1. Innovative solutions for environmental challenges and sustainable consumption and production (UNEP/EA.4/17) Mr. Jorge Laguna-Celis, Director, … Recently the phosphate solubilizing abilities, ). Biotrickling filter is a common example of a biofil, ). The algorithm effectively learns from every new report and re-calculates the probability of each food that might be causing the illness. The better strategies to examine RNA or DNA from soil allow us to understand the microbial diversity and features in the soil, which are challenging to identify by typical culture techniques. In February 2014, IBM announced a 10-year, $100 million initiative to bring IBM Watson—our cognitive computing technology—and other systems to Africa. The historical trends in biodiversity loss across the, ). 5. Avoiding vehicular idle time and delays, such as those caused by weather conditions, road obstructions or accidents, reduces fuel consumption and associated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This work highlights the importance of using co-adsorbents as co-adjuvants in the production of more efficient DSSC manufactured with bacterial dyes. Utilizing the HT-PGPR and their secondary metabolites for the development of novel bioinoculants for the management of saline agro-ecosystems can be an important strategy in the future. Microbial aromatic catabolism offers a promising approach to convert lignin, a vast source of renewable carbon, into useful products. Our water infrastructure, in service for upwards of 100 years in many regions, is under pressure, to say the least. Using big data and analytics, we are creating smarter food systems across the value chain. Consequently, there is a need to integrate adaptation options into the community development process for Agricultural sustainability. Smarter energy use is critical for a sustainable energy future. IBM worked closely with BWSSB to create a water management system with operational dashboards and analytical tools to serve as a central command center for monitoring, administering and managing the city's water supply networks. Sustainability is a comprehensive approach to management of organizations which is focused on creating and maximizing long-term economic, social and environmental value. But despite several laws, policies and management plans, the forest is now showing clear signs of degradation. Alpha-diversity was significantly decreased by both organic and inorganic amendments, especially a species evenness because each fertilizer tends to stimulate the growth of distinctive microbes that dominated the community of amended soil. IBM scientists have built a system that automatically identifies, contextualizes, and displays data from multiple sources to reduce the time to identify the most likely contaminated sources by a factor of days or weeks. A widespread and complex distribution of vitamin requirements exists over the entire tree of life, with many species having evolved vitamin dependence, both within and between different lineages. Optimal Policy-Making for Municipal Waste Management based on Predictive Model Optimization, Response of Soil Bacterial Community to Application of Organic and Inorganic Phosphate Based Fertilizers under Vicia faba L. Cultivation at Two Different Phenological Stages, Halotolerant potassium solubilizing plant growth promoting rhizobacteria may improve potassium availability under saline conditions, Novel Bioformulations Developed from Pseudomonas putida BSP9 and Its Biosurfactant for Growth Promotion of Brassica juncea (L.), Soil Metagenomics: Prospects and Challenges, A Simplified Sub-Surface Soil Salinity estimation using Synergy of Sentinel-1 SAR and Sentinel-2 multispectral satellite data, for early stages of wheat crop growth in Rupnagar, Punjab, India, Understanding Farmers' Vulnerability to Environmental Change in Semi-Arid Region: A Key to Agricultural Sustainability, Secondary Metabolites From Halotolerant Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria for Ameliorating Salinity Stress in Plants, MINI REVIEW Secondary Metabolites From Halotolerant Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria for Ameliorating Salinity Stress in Plants, Impact of Coating of Urea with Bacillus-Augmented Zinc Oxide on Wheat Grown under Salinity Stress, Effect of salt and water stress on root infection by Macrophomina phaseolina and ion composition in shoot in sorghum, Biodiversity conservation for sustainable future, Sundarbans mangrove forest of Bangladesh: causes of degradation and sustainable management options, Response Surface Methodology-Genetic Algorithm Based Medium Optimization, Purification, and Characterization of Cholesterol Oxidase from Streptomyces rimosus. 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