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what factors enabled the spanish to defeat the aztecs

The Aztec outnumbered the Spanish, but that didn't stop Hernán Cortés from seizing Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital, in 1521. lands that are controled by another nation. The Spanish launched an expedition against Puyumatlan; it was not successful in terms of conquest, but enabled the Spanish to seize more slaves to trade for weapons and horses. Widespread plagues followed, weakening the empire. The Aztecs were a tribute empire and had many enemies that were not happy with them, when Cortes came along they jumped at the chance to get revenge on the Aztecs, Cortes only had about 300 guys at most the Aztecs had at least 100,000 strong … Other than that, it was a pure backstab/lie to the Aztec king by the Spanish conquistador that enabled him to defeat the Aztecs. History >> Aztec, Maya, and Inca for Kids Between 1519 and 1521 the Spanish, under the leadership of conquistador Hernan Cortés, conquered the Aztec Empire. What factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? Superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to … You could easily have googled this question. it is horribly ethnocentric and ignorant. The first empire to fall would be the Aztecs in 1519 to Hernan Cortes and the Incas in 1533 to Francisco Pizarro.Cortes and Pizarro were able to use the same tactic to defeat both of the empires. the Spanish had superior weapons - steel swords armour and guns compared to the Aztec wooden swords. The Spanish brought smallpox and various other Old World diseases with them to which New World populations had little resistance. While the Spanish did have better technology like guns and steel armor, the deciding factor in conquering the Aztecs was that Cortes had allies. These diseases, the most … Christopher Columbus. Cortes’s army besieged Tenochtitlan for 93 days. Horses. The Empire was actually a confederation of three city-states that shared power with one another. answer. The Aztecs had basic weapons such as war clubs and bows and arrows, but the Spanish had Halberds and Crossbows. Aztec Empire. What resistance did the Aztecs mount? First, the Spanish had the advantage of superior weaponry.Second,Cortes was able to enlist the help of various native groups.With the help of a native woman translator (Malinche), Cortes learned that some natives resented the Aztecs. Superior weaponry, help froom other natives, and the spread of European disease. Why were most of the Spanish explorers drawn to the Americas? Jaques Cartier. One hundred years later, after a series of smallpox epidemics had decimated the local population, it is estimated only around 1.5-3 million natives had survived. enlisted the help of various native groups, and European disease which the Aztecs had not developed a natural immunity. Combined with Spanish military technology, European diseases have often been accorded a major role in the conquest of the Aztecs; the “guns, germs and steel” theory made popular by Jared Diamond. Encomienda System. In 1519, Hernando Cortés landed on the Gulf of Mexico with 600 men, and plenty of horses and guns. They fought successfully for months. gave the Spanish greater speed, mobility and height in battles. Write. Certain factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs. Aztec arrows were no match for the Spaniards’ muskets and cannons. document, giving permission to start a colony. Second, Cortés was able to enlist the help of various native groups. You might want to read more about the how the Spanish did this. European diseases (small pocks), they had horse, they had newer better wepons. The Spanish were helped by the Tlaxcala, a Mesoamerican civilisation rival of the Aztecs, and other native tribes which allied with them to defeat the Aztecs, especially in the siege of Tenochtitlan because the Spanish falsely promised them territories and a tax-free partnership in the post-conquest rule of Mexico. Created by. Some estimates claim that 90% of the Incas were killed by disease alone. Add Long Term/Short Term, themes. One significant factor was disease. Every class of Aztec occasionally were sacrificed, and all ages as well. THAT is a myth perpetuated by the spanish in order to make the natives look stupid. Gravity. The Aztecs; The Incas; Each would greet the Spanish Conquistadors and each would fall to them. In addition to these factors, smallpox undoubtedly played a huge part in the fall of the Aztec Empire. question. Agriculture. Extension task: Diamond Eight to show what the most important factors were in Cortes extending the Spanish empire of New Spain, to the Aztec Kingdom. What process did Columbus and his followers begin? Superior weaponry. Founded the Americas. Now Cortes learned that 900 Spaniards had landed on the coast and that their commander, Narvarez, had orders to arrest Cortes and take over the expedition. First, the Spanish had the advantage of supe-rior weaponry. New Communities. Spanish explorers also conquered the Maya in Yucatan and Guatemala. What factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? Within a couple of weeks, Montezuma had allowed himself to be taken … Battle of Tenochtitlan (May 22–August 13, 1521), military engagement between the Aztecs and a coalition of Spanish and indigenous combatants commanded by Hernan Cortes. Learn. One of the presents for the Spanish was a Tabasco girl, who would be baptized and named ‘Doña Marina’ by the Spanish. What factors enabled them to succeed in their conquest? Aztec Empire Spanish Conquest. DO NOWS SECTONS 1... 1. Colony. The Aztecs did not know what to do; a tense stand-off ensued, during which Moctezuma was the “guest” of the Spanish. question. In November of 1519, the Spanish entered Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Mexica people and leader of the Aztec Triple Alliance. They continued their fight against the Spanish with spears and slings, but these weapons were no match for swords, crossbows and cannons. Stevenock500. The Aztecs welcomed the Spanish with many gifts and festivities. With the aid of a native woman translator named Malinche, Cortés learned that some natives resented the Aztecs. Thirdly, another reason that enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs was surely their translators, Doña Marina -also known as ‘La Malinche’- and Geronimo de Aguilar. Instead of sailing around Africa he wanted to sail west across the atlantics. What factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? Disease. Industry . The mountain passes were unguarded, with no-one in place to check the approach of the Spanish. The Aztec empire was full of people unhappy with Aztec rule ready to aid the Spanish while the Inca empire was in a civil war when the Spanish … Hernan Cortez; Malintzin helped him . Although the Spanish had much lower quantities of forces, they had the power and quality of advanced technology. This was a huge factor in the Aztec's defeat, for the armour and technology of the Spanish greatly exceded that of the Aztecs. Match. Genoese sea captain who sailed a daring voyage in 1492. But their troubles became far greater when the first Spanish explorers arrived. Factors that led to the defeat of the Aztecs. Decline in the empires was one. answer. Terms in this set (8) Superior Weapons. What were the Spanish soldiers who conquered the Americas called? After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. The other factor that had undermined the Incan Empire was a herald of the approaching European settlers – disease. The great civilizations of Mexico and of Central and South America faced many internal conflicts at the start of the sixteenth century. Aztecs in 1521. According to Aztec religion, these omens meant that something … Eventually, Spanish conquistadors arrived in Mexico and seized Tenochtitlan. Several factors played a key role in the stun-ning victory. Certain factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs. Conquistadors by Margaret Duncan Coxhead. What happened to the Aztecs, Maya, and Inca? Bad Omens During the reign of King Montezuma II, the Aztecs had seen several bad omens. As Cortés and Pizarro conquered the civilizations of the Americas, fellow con- quistadors defeated other native peoples. PLAY. Flashcards. What factors enabled the spanish to defeat the aztecs? Test. Mexico City . From them, the Spanish learned that many of the sacrificial victims were friends of the Royal House, or high-ranking nobility and priests. Christianity. conquistadors. Who was the conquistador that conquered the Aztec empire and who helped him? answer. In 1532, Spanish conquistadors under Francisco Pizarro first made contact with the mighty Inca Empire: it ruled parts of present-day Peru, Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, and Colombia. Cortés’ men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtémoc, the Aztec emperor. STUDY. What enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? The Spanish recruited the enemies of the Aztecs and Incas to help destroy the two kingdoms. This enabled the Spanish to control the Aztecs in Mexico because… Tribute. Who was the king of the Aztec empire when the conquistadors arrived in Mexico? First, the Spanish had the advantage of superior weaponry.Second,Cortes was able to enlist the help of various native groups.With the help of a native woman translator (Malinche), Cortes learned that some natives resented the Aztecs. The Aztecs mounted a fierce military defense against the Spaniards. and by the way "old lady" the aztecs never thought the spanish were gods. By the middle of the 16th century, Spain had cre- ated an American empire. The deeply religious Montezuma had dithered and fretted about the arrival of these foreigners and did not oppose them. charter. New Mexico offered little in the way of wealth, so the Spanish were more concerned there with spreading the Catholic religion. The Aztecs: The Aztec Empire ruled Mesoamerica from 1300-1521. After a short period fighting against the Tabasco people, they exchanged gifts with the Spanish. When Cortés and his army began their campaign against the Aztecs in 1519, over 30 million people were living in Mexico. After the Spanish Conquest, many Spanish priests and friars learned enough of the Aztec’s language to talk with Aztec survivors of the battles and diseases. The weapons and armour of the Spaniards were certainly formidable against the easily-shattered obsidian blades and arrows of the indigenous people, but the thousands of allies supporting … Spell. Exploration of the Americas. The first key factor, which enabled the Spanish to conquer Mexico, was the fact that they were viewed as gods at first because of their appearance. For centuries, Europe had been the breeding ground for a set of deadly diseases, some home grown, some imported from Asia and Africa. Like the Aztecs and countless other Native American tribes, disease, inferior technology, and the world view of their opponents meant annihilation. … How did Spain's colony in New Mexico differ from its colonies in New Spain? They were welcomed by Montezuma and put in a sumptuous palace. 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